On decoding the messages, it has been found that Akhenaten may have declined to pay gold or men to the foreign forces, and basically showed an indifference towards maintaining diplomatic relations. Of course foreigners, in turn, came to live in Egypt, bringing new customs and ideas. The pioneer in the field of art Image Credit: The Heretic Pharaoh was a pioneer in starting many new trends in the fields of art and culture. From the surviving fragments of evidence, Egyptologists have pieced together the story of his life and reign, a period of spiritual upheaval and experimentation unlike any other in history. In a society in which religion and politics were indivisible, the priests of the chief god Amun gained power and wealth. Aten was the life-giving and life-sustaining power of the sun.
He sent royal officials to chisel out and destroy every reference to Amun and the names of other deities on tombs, temple walls, and cartouches to instill in the people that the Aten was the one true god. He also had a few other wives, but they were unnamed. The fact that this temple was arranged on an east-west axis was itself a nod to the path that Aten took across the sky each day. Images of Akhenaten did not exude the strength of rulers past, making it all too easy to differentiate his images from those of his predecessors. It would not be until the Christian era that the Egyptians would finally reject the old gods in favour of a single universal deity. The initiation of the first monotheistic religion Image Credit: The monotheistic religion of the radical pharaoh is now known as Akhenaten Religion. In such a way, they believed that through reverencing these gods they could merit their provision and, therefore, ancient Egyptians totaled for higher harvests, revenue and improved existence which they could achieve only with the support of various deities.
The throne passed to a child, Tutankhamun originally Tutankhaten who was probably the son of Akhenaten and Kiya. Located near the river, they were roofless, open to the sky so the rays of the great sun could blaze down upon the worshippers. Accounts seem to direct that Akhenaten permitted Egyptian influence to weaken but this is not accurate. This may have been a political move as much as a religious one. The pharaoh was known by many interesting names like the Rebel Pharaoh, The Heretic Pharaoh and the Great Heretic.
Why did Akhenaten choose to be presented to his subjects like this? Unlike the old gods, he had no carved image hidden in a dark room deep within a temple, but was worshiped out in the light of day. What Akhenaten chose, however, for the artistic community was drastically different from what had once been. Akhenaten, however, introduced a much more ambiguous form that broke away from the traditions of the past Figure 2. Moreover, it is obvious the amount to which the attempt of Akhenaten to introduce monotheism in ancient Egypt was radical. Many historians have recognized Akhenaten with being solely responsible for developing a religious revolution in Egypt. However, these are only assumptions and not authentic.
Religious reforms The Egyptians had traditionally worshipped a whole pantheon of gods who were represented in human or animal form or as animal-headed humans. The artist also gives the neck texture by drawing lines that appear to have slight curves in them as well vertically through each neck piece. Akhenaten raised the Aten to the position of 'sole god', represented as a disk with rays of light terminating in hands which reach out to the royal family, sometimes offering the hieroglyphic sign for life. They note that while previous Egyptian kings would likely have launched a military expedition into west Asia as a result of these acts, Akhenaten appears to have done nothing. These attributes spoke to the pharaoh's strength as a ruler and the longevity of his reign, and of Egypt. Sunken, as opposed to bas relief was probably chosen not only because less material must be removed, but also because sunken relif carvings withstand erosion and the passage of time better than bas relief ones do.
Like a spinning top, the earth wobbles a little on its axis. Its motion across the sky brought the creation of all living things into the world. Previous to Akhenaten's rise to the throne, Egyptian art was stagnant, focused heavily on permanence both of the object and of the subject most pertinently, the pharaoh itself. But, once his short rule was over, it was King Tut who was crowned the new pharaoh at only eight years of age. Akhenaten and his family are frequently shown worshipping the Aten or simply indulging in everyday activities beneath the disk. Some gods were specific to particular towns or places; others had broader appeal.
Akhenaten ignored messages from his generals in the field in which they stated that they faced a volatile situation and needed reinforcements, and that Egyptian allies were being conquered. Ancient Egypt was ruled by this heretic pharaoh for 17 long years and he belonged to the 18th Dynasty. Reign Wiped from History Before disaster to the empire could strike, Akhenaten died in the 17th year of his reign. A boy king, he had originally been named Tutankhaten, in honor of the Aten, but his name was changed to honor Amun, the god whom his father had tried to have wiped out. In one of the most famous carvings, Akhenaten and Nefertiti are seen in a blissful domestic scene, affectionately playing with three of their daughters beneath the rays of the sun disk. Faced with the challenge of making entirely new art and architecture, the Amarna era sculptors chose the softest stones to work with in order to accommodate the overall volume of things being requested of them.
After Akhenaten's death his heir Tutankhaten living image of Aten changed his name to Tutankhamun living image of Amun and restored the kingdom back to polytheism. Per Ankh Trading cc Reg. Akhenaten was a pharaoh of Egypt who reigned over the country for about 17 years between roughly 1353 B. His image and names were removed from monuments. In traditional , human subjects were portrayed in a statuesque, stylized, and dignified manner, expressions calm, and bodies in profile. It was in the 6th year of his rule that he ordered the idols and icons of other gods removed. Find out more Read on Akhenaten King of Egypt by Cyril Aldred Thames and Hudson, 1988 The Royal Women of Amarna: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt by Dorothea Arnold Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996 Pharaohs of the Sun: Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamun by Rita Freed, Yvonne Markowitz and Sue D'Auria eds Museum of Fine Arts, 1999 Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization by Barry Kemp Routledge, 1989 Akhenaten: History, Fantasy and Ancient Egypt by Dominic Monserrat Routledge, 2000 Akhenaten: Egypt's False Prophet by Nicholas Reeves Thames and Hudson, 2001 Women in Ancient Egypt by G Robins London, 1993 The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt by I Shaw ed Oxford, 2000 Places to visit.
The inscription reads:- on the right side - 'A royal sacrifice to Horemkhu, the Sun's disk, who enlightens the land; that he may vouchsafe to accept the customary offerings of the dead on the altar of the living sun's disk, in favour of the overseer of the sculptors from life, and of his wife, the lady Ta-her'. This essay will analyse historical evidence that… 1586 Words 7 Pages What were the radical changes that King Akhenaten made? In less than 50 years, nearly every trace of Akhenaten, his controversial reign, and the artistic conventions that defined it had been wiped from existence. Akhenaten's city of Tell el-Amarna was abandoned, and most of the artwork from this period was destroyed. Following Smenkhkara, the boy king Tutankhaten, perhaps the son of Akhenaten and his other wife Kiya, took over rule of Egypt. He was married to Nefertiti and had six girls with her but, four of them died at a young age, from an unknown disease. Ultimately their commitment to his cause was fleeting. Of course, images of Aten were always present, and the sun disk always took precedence over any human characters depicted alongside it.
The sculptor included Akhenaten and his entire family, which consisted of his wife Queen Nefertiti and their two children. Akhenaton would have been keenly aware that he came into power precisely half way through one of the elliptical cycles relative to when the pyramids where made, and it is likely that he literally saw a new destiny in the stars or at least used the stars as a rationale for change. By emphasizing the family, Akhenaten attempted to introduce to Egyptian culture the idea that the role of the pharaoh is secondary to the role of a father, as a good leader must be a good caregiver first. Most of his workers were malnourished and often sentenced to death if found stealing food. However, its only an assumption as no authentic proof is available. Relief portrait of Akhenaten in the typical Amarna period style.