Status Offense An offense that would not be a crime if it were committed by an adult. Synonyms: , , , , , , , , , , , How to use juvenile in a sentence? Steinberg, Handbook of Adolescent Psychology x 2nd ed. Within the context of the juvenile justice system, risk assessment instruments can be used at different decision-making points e. Probation officers often prepare a predisposition report for the court after a child has been adjudicated and make recommendations for disposition. They desired, naturally, to keep me with them in the juvenile department.
Copy the code below and paste it where you want the visualization of this word to be shown on your page:. This is the stage at which a juvenile must admit or deny the charges. The structure of this hearing varies by jurisdiction, but typically includes assignment of counsel, arraignment, a detention determination, and the scheduling of further hearing dates. The petition may ask that the court assume jurisdiction over the juvenile or ask that the juvenile be transferred to criminal court for prosecution as an adult. Detention Hearing A hearing in which the judge decides whether to detain the child pending an adjudicatory hearing in a delinquency matter.
Intake procedures vary between jurisdictions but are typically conducted by intake officers, probation staff, case and social workers, or police. Culpability Literally, culpability is defined as guilt or blameworthiness. Subsequently, if a petition is filed, a probation officer may be responsible for supervising juveniles not held in detention. Informal adjustment is a form of diversion. These secondary consequences may include, but are not limited to, fines, the requirement to register as a sex offender, the loss or restriction of a professional license, eviction from public housing, ineligibility for public funds including welfare benefits and student loans, the loss of voting rights, ineligibility for jury duty, prohibitions against owning a firearm, and immigration consequences. Petition The charging document filed in juvenile court by the state.
See also Disposition Plan; Social History. Most jurisdictions require a detention hearing to be held within forty-eight 48 to seventy-two 72 hours after the detention commences to determine whether continued detention is necessary. New is opposed to old, modern to ancient, recent to remote, young to old, aged, etc. Diversion Refers to any program that is an alternative to the filing of a court petition and which keeps the youth from entering the juvenile court system by referring the child to counseling or other social services. Intake The screening and assessment process children who are arrested undergo prior to seeing a judge. The pillow, need I add, was to suppress the latent pangs of juvenile appetite.
The juvenile or criminal court may: 1 impose a juvenile or an adult sentence, 2 impose both a juvenile and adult sentence, with the adult sentence suspended under specified conditions, or 3 impose a sentence past the normal limit of juvenile court jurisdiction; typically, a hearing is held when the juvenile reaches the age of adult jurisdiction varies by state, 18-21 years to determine if an adult sentence will be imposed. Modern history pertains to any period since the middle ages; modern literature, modern architecture, etc. . The petition formally initiates a juvenile proceeding alleging that a juvenile is delinquent and describing the alleged offenses committed by that child. See also Informal Adjustment; Deferred Adjudication.
That which is late is somewhat removed from the present, but not far enough to be called old. At this hearing the judge—or in a limited number of jurisdictions, the jury—receives and weighs the evidence to determine whether the facts prove the charges alleged in the delinquency petition beyond a reasonable doubt. Examples of these non-criminal offenses that are only applicable to children include: truancy, curfew violations, running away from home, incorrigibility, and ungovernability. During post-disposition, a variety of procedures or hearings regarding the client can require the assistance of counsel. Modern denotes that which has begun to exist in the present age, and is still existing; recent denotes that which has come into existence within a comparatively brief period, and may or may not be existing still.
Counsel should be knowledgeable about the key aspects of adolescent development that informs specific legal questions regarding competence in legal proceedings, culpability, mitigation, and amenability to treatment and rehabilitation. Delinquent Act An offense committed by a juvenile that would be classified as a crime if committed by an adult. See also Disposition; Disposition Hearing; Disposition Order. The conversation at this point was interrupted by the appearance of the juvenile man. That which is novel is either absolutely or relatively unprecedented in kind; a novel contrivance is one that has never before been known; a novel experience is one that has never before occurred to the same person; that which is new may be of a familiar or even of an ancient sort, as a new copy of an old book.