As bails are against arrest and detention, an appropriate court within whose jurisdiction the arrest takes place or is apprehended or is contemplate will also have jurisdiction to grant bail to the person concerned. Can the anticipatory bail be cancelled? After getting interim anticipatory bail, a person has to appear before the investigating agency joint investigation before the stipulated date mentioned in the order granting anticipatory bail. That the applicant undertakes that he will not, directly or indirectly make any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the facts of the case so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the Court or to any police officer. In 498A cases, the moment you get an anticipatory bail, the police are eliminated as a factor and you've pretty much won the most difficult part of this fight. Apart from false cases, where there are reasonable grounds for holding that a person accused of an offence is not likely to abscond, or otherwise misuse his liberty while on bail, there seems no justification to require him first to submit to custody and remain in prison for some days and then apply for bail. That the facts stated in the complainant against the applicant are civil disputes and does not constitute any criminal offence at all. Having said that, the fundamental difference between an order for bail and one for anticipatory bail is that the former is granted only after arrest and becomes operative subsequently but the latter is granted before arrest and hence is operative from the moment of arrest.
No arrest should be made because it is lawful for the police officer to do so. It could have been more effective if some decissions of the Apex court on the point of jurisdiction of a High court ,while entertining an application for anticipatory bail for a case registered in different state ,could have been provided. The framers of the Indian Constitution followed the American model in adopting and incorporating the Fundamental Rights for the people of India. The High Court in the impugned judgment has declined to grant anticipatory bail to the appellant and aggrieved by the said order, the appellant has approached this Court by filing this appeal. A Hindu widow who becomes under section 14 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, a full owner of the property she inherited with limited interest from her husband prior to the coming into force the Act, is entitled under section 30 of the Act to dispose of that property by will in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Succession Act, 1925. If the accused has a reason to believe that he or she may be arrested on accusation of having committed a non-bail able offence then he or she has the right to apply for an anticipatory bail in the Sessions Court or High Court.
On the one hand, no prejudice should be caused to the free and fair investigation and on the other, there should be prevention of harassment, humiliation, and unjustified detention of the accused. Gajendra Baidu Vs State of A. If the High Court also rejects the bail, you could apply to the Supreme Court. Distinction between Ordinary Bail and Anticipatory Bail In Gurbaksh Singh Sibbia v. If in doubt, please always consult a lawyer.
While laying down cast-iron rules in a matter like granting anticipatory bail, as the High Court has done, it is apt to be overlooked that even judges can have but an imperfect awareness of the needs of new situations. Its not supposed to be used as punishment. Further, the relevant section should make it clear that the direction can be issued only for reasons to be recorded, and if the court is satisfied that such a direction is necessary in the interests of justice. Introduction Bail means temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money is lodged to guarantee their appearance in court. Sec 438 does not mention anything about the duration to which a direction for release on bail in the event of arrest can be granted. Constitutional Interpretation by Craig R. On further investigation it was found that there are at least 42 cases from the Faraskhana Police Station alone, where the accused disappears after obtaining bail, thereby stalling the trial.
A Stay is an order by a judge which keeps an order of a lower judge or of a layperson or of an officer of the law or of the government in abeyance until some legal point is adjudicated. These are listed out as ss. This is so because an order preventing arrest will mean that investigation is stopped. The purpose of arrest of an accused person is that the accused is available to the police for investigation. That the applicant shall not leave India without the previous permission of the Court.
Vadra's anticipatory bail application is likely to be heard by the court tomorrow. Bail after arrest is a different matter, and. The necessity for granting anticipatory bail arises mainly because sometimes influential persons try to implicate their rivals in false cases for the purpose of disgracing them or for other purposes by getting them detained in jail for some days. The minions of the police establishment must make good their security recipes by getting judicial approval. Similarly, the discretion vested with the court under section 438 Criminal Procedure Code should also be exercised with caution and prudence. Under the old Code, there was a sharp difference of opinion amongst the various High Courts on the question as to whether the courts had an inherent power to pass an order of bail in anticipation of arrest, the preponderance of view being that it did not have such power.
Suffice it to observe that the appellant has not succeeded in persuading us about the inapplicability of the threshold stipulation under Section 45 of the Act…… It is, therefore, not possible for us to record satisfaction that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the appellant is not guilty of such offence. In very special situations, the application of irons is not ruled out. Bail is a post-arrest legal procesS, so it is granted only after arrest of the person Whereas anticipatory bail is a pre-arrest legal process in anticipation of possibility of arrest of a person Bail is ordinarily granted as a matter of right in case of bailable offence and it may also be granted in non-bailable offences under Section 437, Cr. The petitioner, along with two others, was accused of having assaulted a mason with a knife and stick owing to enmity. The public prosecutor is granted sometime to file objections on the same. We are further of the view that in order to ensure that the provision is not put to abuse at the instance of unscrupulous petitioners, the final order should be made only after notice to the Public Prosecutor. If you are arriving from abroad and landing in your home town before heading for the place where the case has been registered against you, you may apply for this kind of interim relief in order to avoid being arrested until you reach that place to apply for anticipatory bail.
If his presence at the trial could be reasonably ensured otherwise than by his arrest and detention, it would be unjust and unfair to deprive the accused of his liberty during the pendency of the criminal proceedings against him. The High Court or Court of Session may direct the police to arrest the person and cancel the anticipatory bail if it is brought to the notice of the court, either by the prosecution, through the police or the complainant or the witness, depending on the circumstances, that the person who had been granted anticipatory bail did not adhere to the conditions ordered by the Court. From the above, to conclude what bail is, as a concept in law, means an accused is granted release from custody fro officers of the law the police and into the custody of a person that is normally known to the accused as sureties. Who can apply for anticipatory bail? It is alleged that accused persons were extorting money and black-mailing the complainant, and that he has been cheated and that these persons have committed similar fraud with several other persons, including one Jasvinder Singh. It is a surety that you would be available in court as and when required in future.
He further submitted that on proper analysis of section 438 Criminal Procedure Code the legislative wisdom becomes quite evident that the legislature wanted to preserve and protect personal liberty and give impetus to the age-old principle that every person is presumed to be innocent till he is found guilty by the court. Anticipatory bail is a direction given to release a person on bail even before the actual arrest. This vitiates the entire atmosphere making reconciliation even more challenging. What are the conditions that the Court may impose? However any final order has to be passed after notice to the public prosecutor and hearing his side of the case. Anticipatory Bail can be said to be superior to interim bail because the former is permanent unlike the latter. If you do not want cookies to be dropped on your device, you can adjust the setting of your Internet browser to reject the setting of all or some cookies and to alert you when a cookie is placed on your device.