An economic progress of a country will not matter in the long run unless and until its citizens are not ensured of basic food needed for the maintenance of life. But this concern is largely unwarranted; Regionalism will come into conflict with nationalism only when it becomes aggressive and when members of the various regional parties tend to forget that they are Indians first and last, citizens of the same country. This is more so because of the linguistic distribution along geographical boundaries. So there is nothing basically contradictory between nationalism and regionalism. First, there should be a greater spirit of accommodation on the part of the Central authorities.
In places, where there is extreme poverty, starvation then becomes an involuntary condition. The diversities lead to politically different ideologies and give rise to regional political parties to protect and preserve specific interest of a region. At the base of it lies a sense of identity. Statistical Facts on World Hunger The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization in its 2013 estimates states that there are nearly 870 million people of the 7. In the like manner religion is not so significant except when it is combined with linguistic homogeneity or based on dogmatism and orthodoxy or linked with economic deprivation. Only when caste is combined with linguistic preponderance or religion it may cause regional feeling. There are four major factors at play here.
The growing awareness among the people of backward areas that they are being discriminated against has also promoted feeling of regionalism. One cause of regionalism may be the inability to develop all of India equally Thirdly, regionalism in India may be based in a history of cultural segregation. Several parties have been existing in the country for the last many decades. Disputes also arose between use of Cauvery waters among the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. It is also one of the significant factors of the regionalism where people belonging to the same religion preferred to live under a single roof.
Some of the most important the causes of regionalism in India are as follows: i Geographical Factor ii Historical and Cultural Factors iii Caste and Region iv Economic Factors v Political-Administrative Factors. Recently, the Shiv Sena has kept the Bengalis and Biharis at its target. Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. It can heart all over development of country like India. The forms of protest it involved were attacks on state property, and the hunger-fast, and as a result of this, the creation of the state of Andhra Pradesh and, later redrawing of the map of India on linguistic lines took place. These political parties are generally only found in that state, only deal with issues of that state, and advocate for the state to find its own solutions to political problems rather than dealing with the national government. The efforts of the national government to impose a particular ideology, language or cultural pattern on all people and groups compelled the regionalism movements to crop up.
Regional symbols, regional culture, history and in many cases a common language, all promote regionalism. Regionalism Regionalism is basically an intense feeling of a particular region or an area in preference to the nation or any other region. While determining the location of iron and steel projects or refineries or any heavy industrial project, some technical factors included in the locational advantage are getting special considerations. Inadequacy of Economic Overheads: Economic overheads like transport and communication facilities, power, technology, banking and insurance etc. Marginalisation of the Impact of Green Revolution to Certain Regions 7. It may be construed as a powerful agent for doing away with the separatist tendencies among the countrymen. This is especially true in the Lok Sabha the lower house of India's parliament , where regional political parties seem to be gaining more seats every year.
The first meaning of regionalism pertains to the international level, where it refers to transnational cooperation to meet a common goal or to resolve a shared problem. Indian society has a long history of organizing people into castes, and when large numbers of people in the same caste live in the same area, they can develop a regional sense of belonging, especially if they feel excluded from the rest of the nation. Socio-cultural differences between regions fan regional feeling to some extent. But due to lack of growth of ancillary industries in these areas, all these areas remained backward in spite of huge investment made by the Centre. What can be done to correct regional imbalances The need of the hour is to develop a realistic perception of regionalism at the conceptual level focusing on righteousness and judicial outlook on the path of the political parties. Many of these groups dominant in specific region became suspicious as to whether their cultural ties, ethos and symbols would be taken care by the Indian state.
Thus these natural factors have resulted uneven growth of different regions of India. Due to some locational advantages, some regions are getting special favour in respect of site selections of various developmental projects. Thus in this way new agricultural strategy has aggravated regional imbalances due to its lack of all-embracing approach. This source discusses the causes of regionalism in India. It's not an overly common issue, but one place where it's having a major impact is in the country of India.
This has made the well-off farmers much better off, whereas the dry land farmers and non-farming rural population remained totally untouched. This category also includes sub-regionalism, which pertains to the groups, which are in minority within the states based on language, who also occupy a definite territory within these states, and by virtue of language or ethnicity, they have enough to bring them together and to bind them against the majority community in that state. Thus this political instability prevailing in same backward regions of the country are standing as a hurdle in the path of economic development of these regions. It gives self-determination to people and empowers them to feel happy. Sometimes this occurs when people of a region claim that they're not really a part of the state they're in, but mostly this applies to India's union territories.