On the other hand, the conflict theory comprehends the society through the social conflicts that arise due to the inequality that prevail among different. The second element is called the structure, which states that any behaviour in society is, to a certain extent patterned. Functionalism and Marxism are the two main perspectives which will be studied; Marxism is a structural conflict sociological theory whereas functionalism is a structural consensus sociological theory. Functionalists see the family as an important sub system — the basic building block of society that the family is made up of sub system that depend on the. Marxists believe that the conflict lays between social classes— more specifically… Outline and assess Marxist views on the role and function of education 50 marks Marxists would argue that the role and function of education is to reproduce the inequalities and social relations of production of the capitalist society, legitimise these inequalities through the myth of meritocracy and to characterise the infrastructure of capitalist societies.
Conflict Theory: The society is viewed as a struggle between different classes due to inequality. This idea is supported by research which shows property crime rising during recession. It is interesting how Functionalists see people as unequal a positive thing and Marxists believe it a negative one. Functionalism sees society as a whole. These functions are; economic needs, reproduction, primary socialisation and sex.
They believe all human beings should have equal rights. This is because functionalists believe everything in society happens for a reason to instil the smooth running of society. Namely: Social integration, shared values, social solidarity, and social harmony. Giddens wrote ''societies can no longer be understood through the application of general theories''. In modern societies the boundaries between the functionalist theory and the conflict theory are less clearly defined than in the times of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot of the time there is consensus between various aspects of society. Everything that Marxism is opposed to.
In academics, macro theories attempt to explain the entirety of a subject in general or broad terms and example of a macro theory is Marxism. Marx also came up with a theory of history, in which he tries to trace the development of society, marking the different inequalities, known as contradictions, which, according to him, marked the era. The main ideologies of the structural consensus and structural conflict theory stand parallel to each other and can never come to an agreeing point. Here functionalists study and examine the various institutions, their relationships and the effect which they have on the whole of society. I intend to show this and compare these similarities. Functionalism views the system of social structures as entities that work together for the benefit of all, but Marxism believes the system of social structures are in place but vary in their benefits depending on the wealth and power of the people involved.
Society is defined as the whole range of social relationships of people living in a certain geographic territory and having a sense of belonging to the same group. It is inflicted by conflict and can be explained by dialectical materialism which means change in the economic mode inflicts social changes. Explain this in contrast to structural perspectives. Functionalism can be compared to the human body, also known as the organic analogy. Both Marxism and Functionalism believe that some sort of structure exists in a society, imposing certain choices on its people.
The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production factories e. Social change in Functionalism occurs when one of the institutions alters in some way. In… in which everyone can agree on goals, morals and ethics. It seems to me that I would be more of a functionalist rather than a conflict theorist. Some accept the ruling class conflict as natural and so are lulled into false consciousness.
Functionalists believe that we do not really have any freedom of choice in our lives as they are affected by an institution, all of which put together form a social structure and impose certain decisions on us through a pattern of behaviour which is structured through norms and values. He believed that these are only partially taught at home by the family however the education system continues this process as children get older. Although this idea seems to make some logical sense, it is highly criticized by the Marxist, Zaretsky, who dismissed the theory mainly because the family itself can often be the cause of emotional upset and stress within individuals. For instance the radical role of Liberation Theology. While they are virtual opposites, the Marxist and functionalist schools shed light on valuable constrasting perspectives on criminal theory in sociology. Marxism was founded by a German philosopher, economist and sociologist, Karl Marx. Education is the primary socialisation of the children, they will have the expected norms and values of moral people, helping them to fit into society as they grow older.
Compare and contrast the explanation given by labeling theory to the explanation given by anomie theory of deviance. The former believes that there is a positive relationship between society and the individual. Functionalism provided a static view of society. Such micro approaches, see society as shaped by its members, who possess agency, in other words, the ability to act as free agents. Reproductive, family is the main unit of production. They believe that family, education, govern. While also a structural theory, it is mainly a conflict theory.
Security cameras show the vandals were four high school students, three of whom are on the honor roll. Dietzgen believed that the economy influences change on all other social institutions and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements. George Murdoch said that their are four main functions of the nuclear family these are; sexual, it strengthens relations in the family. It is to keep everyone in society motivated to improve and become better, hence, society will still be able to function properly. They also share a similar… 1525 Words 7 Pages Q: Compare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification.