Although majority rule is often described as a characteristic feature of democracy, without responsible government it is possible for the rights of a minority to be abused by the tyranny of the majority, in which a majority institutes policies abusive to a minority for example, a racial majority may deny a racial minority access to education, housing, jobs, or other resources. These were probably elected by the assembly of Sparta and they held office for only one year. Plato describes 5 types of government, going from the best to the worst and uses the allegory of a man who personifies each one, to explain the value system of each regime. Other forms of government include oligarchy and dictatorship or totalitarianism. Although democracy is the most prevalent form of government in recent decades, it has no shortage of competitors.
The shortest and the oldest written constitution of any of types of government system is considered as the U. However, he is not by nature barbaric and respects his elders, the citizens of his country and takes measures to better their lives in whatever way he can. Prime examples: the and the. Often the rebels who have taken over a country after a violent revolution will convert the society into a socialist or communist one claiming they have given power back to the people. Tyranny Tyrants were sole rulers of a state who had taken power in an unconstitutional manner, often murdering their predecessor.
Whilst for , it is possible to piece together a more complete history, we have only an incomplete picture of the systems in most city-states and many details of how the political apparatus actually functioned are missing. Many dictatorships are also totalitarian. Some governments employ repression, never relaxing their vigils against real or imagined opponents. They include the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Court of Justice World Court , the International Labor Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the World Health Organization, and the International Telecommunication Union. Governments can be broadly categorized as , , types of government that are based on , , , and all.
To this end all governments, even nondemocratic governments, seek legitimacy in the eyes of its citizens. Oftentimes the advisers who control the equipment kit are his close friends. These institutions have the authority to make decisions for the society on policies affecting the maintenance of order and the achievement of certain societal goals. Every government strives to increase its legitimacy in the eyes of the people. Instead, they may be more directly influenced by local, regional, or even international governmental bodies.
A modern example is Andorra where there are two ruling heads of state, the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell. Not, unfortunately, rule by genies, which would be much more awesome. Green, yellow, and blue are presidential republics with less green or more blue presidential power. The weakness of the confederate form of government led the United States to abandon that system in 1789 after only eight years. Government savings bonds are also zero-coupon bonds that gain value as they mature. A democracy is governed of the people, by the people and for the people.
The best and possibly the only example is Somalia, where the people observe a centuries old tradition called Xeer, where elders come together to discover laws, sitting under an acacia tree. According to Plato, the aristocratic system of government is the highest form that man can attain as individuals living in a collective environment. A systems of government or form of state governance, refers to the set of political institutions by which a government of a state is organized in order to exert its powers over a house in the congress body politic. Etymologically-minded folks should note the difference between the suffix 'archy', meaning 'rulership', and 'cracy', meaning 'power', which both come from Greek roots. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
Monarchy In the Greek world monarchies were rare and were often only distinguishable from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people. Satisfaction often comes from knowing that they are helping and serving people in their roles as public employees. In other words, people elect the officials to pass and deliberate on legislation on our behalf. Democracy Representative government in the modern world is based not only on a constitution that provides for it but on the actual rule of law — the assurance that provisions of the constitution will be enforced. Functions of Government Maintenance of Authority One of the principal functions of government is to remain in power. The certification paperwork must also be signed by the qualifying employer.
Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution. And that excludes jobs in schools and hospitals, which are both significant areas of employment within state government. This map shows Systems of Government in the World. Dictatorship is a form of government in which the ruler has the power to govern without consent of those being governed. The boys have little to no voice in such a system. The 's system of aristocracy is probably the canonical one for the English speaking world. Similar in function to the boulē was the council of elders selected men over 60 , the gerousia, of , which also had the two Spartan kings as members and had certain legal powers.
It is hence called as The Mother of Parliaments. But, the ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not with the Monarch. The country of Iran has many aspects of a theocratic state. In Western Europe governments own and operate telephone, radio, and television services, railroads, coal mines, and aircraft companies. The citizen, in effect, surrenders a degree of individual sovereignty to the government in return for protection of life and property and the delivery of essential services.