Its purpose was to ensure the supply of improved high quality seeds, modern implements and chemical manures to farmers. There was a High Power Committee to authorize expenditure beyond the delegated power of administrative departments, monitor programmes and remove bottlenecks therein. Despite launching numerous programmes and schemes and even by pumping crores of rupees for poverty alleviation and employment generation, the overall picture of rural Indian continues to decline. The important objective of the plan was to increase the consumption standard of the lowest 30 per cent of the population. Besides, the programme includes projects of Social Forestry, Indira Awas Yojana and million wells scheme. Out of the total youths trained, about 168. The experience shows that, the fragmented approach with a multiplicity of schemes was not focus on the needs of the rural poor in a coherent manner.
The amount of bank loan was subsequently raised to Rs 35 thousand during 1986- 87. The official agencies responsibility for implementation of development activities lacked in understanding the new climate because they were manned by those officials who were trained in the particular framework. The new 20-Point Programme is intended for the amelioration of the economic conditions of the weaker sections of the society. This amount has increased to Rs 4. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2004. Assistance is provided in the form of subsidy and bank credit.
A group which is recognized under the Societies Registration Act or State Co-operative Societies Act can approach any bank for getting a loan in the name of group for production purpose. Zamindari system has been abolished. This programme is basically a self-employment programme. It comprises credit, savings and insurance in rural areas, whether provided through formal or informal mechanisms. Till January 31, 2007, about 3.
Apart from this, the beneficiaries were entitled to 25 per cent capital subsidy on the taskforce attached to each industrial centre. The target for the Sixth Plan 1980-85 was to rehabilitate 5 lakh poorest families under different schemes. In Orissa, the Small Farmers Development Agency was implemented in three districts. During the Sixth Plan, the total employment generated under the programme was of the order of 675 lakh Mandays. Up to November, 2005, the Centre and Status, sharing the costs on 75: 25 basis, has allocated Rs 8,067 crore, of which Rs 6,980 crore had been utilised to assist 62.
It is a process of developing the quality of life socially and economically or improving the standard of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. The State playing an important role in development. Thus the percentage of employment to the training was stood at only 55. At the Centre, the Ministry of Community Development and Co-operation was abolished and was replaced by a New Ministry of Rural Development for accelerating the pace of rural development of the country. The implementation of various community development programmes in the first three Five Year Plans and specific poverty alleviation and unemployment removal programmes during the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Five Year Plans have gone a long way in the upliftment of the masses in the villages.
During the period from 1977-78 to 1979- 80, an additional employment opportunity worth 980 lakh man days were generated in the State; by utilizing about 4. It is also observed that, most of the rural development programmes failed to attain success due to a number of factors. The project also exhibited the exemplary Cooperation and Coordination of Government, volunteers and others. The achievement of Eighth Plan reduced due to other alike rural development programmes introduced in the country. Since inception, projects for providing new connectivity to 1, 44,717 habitations with a road length of 5, 44,462 km have been cleared at an estimated cost of Rs 1,82,560 crore including upgradation cost. In the State 6 thousand hectares irrigation potential was created under different irrigation schemes. The Five Year Plans also included following features aimed at rural development.
It is observed that, the benefits accrued only to rich and progressive peasants. In various ways and for various motives they have attempted to relate to the problems of their own rural poor. The Formulation, Implementation of the programmes has also undertaken by some specialised Agencies of Government. Among them faulty planning, implementation, monitoring etc. In short we need to empower the rural people by providing them proper education and proper health care facilities. The committees set up at different level take stock of the manner of implementation of the programmes and suggest remedial measures to remove the operational constraints in the field.
Besides, their bureaucratic approach also appeared to be a hindrance in initiating the programmes. In the Economic Rehabilitation of Rural Poor Programme, the Block Development Officer is the kingpin for implementing, co-coordinating and monitoring the schemes. Magnitude of Rural Poverty in India Introduction Poverty refers to that state or condition which fails to provide minimum necessities of life. Essay on the Introduction to Rural Development: The definition of Rural is residuary become all over the world that is defined as an urban area and whatever is not urban known as rural. The programme was initially introduced in 50 selected districts. In fact the terminology covers all thoseorganizations outside the government, which are involved in various development.
Masters Programme - Rural Development and Natural Resource Management. Our qualified experts will write your assignment containing relevant and interesting ideas. Our government is trying its best to bring rapid growth and development in the villages. The total investment of Rs 2. Gandhiji wanted total transformation of villages by developing them from within into viable units. Traditional Thana: Traditional Thana is burdened with many problems. During the reign of Congress government one integrated special employment generation programme called as Prime Ministers Rozgar Yojana was launched in our Country, on 2nd October 1993.