Another success of his administration was the creation of the misthophoria μισθοφορία, which literally means paid function , a special salary for the citizens that attended the courts as jurors. By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire. Euripides' role as a dramatic innovator, however, is unquestionable: the simplicity of his dialogue and its closeness to natural human speech patterns paved the way for dramatic realism, while the emotional vacillations in many of his works created our understanding of melodrama. Athens had never been properly rebuilt after the last Persian invasion. In the modern drama, when the tragedy of a situation becomes almost too great for the audience to bear, relief is often found in some comic, or partly comic, episode which is introduced to slacken the tension.
The Greek's realized that they needed to become one nation instead of separate city states who almost only shared a language. Aristophanes, a comic dramatist, constantly mocked Euripides' tendency towards word-play and paradox. The Golden Age also fathered such philosophers as Socrates 470-399 , Plato 428-347 , and Aristotle 384-322. There were fewer characters, and usually only three speaking actors were allowed on the stage at once. Another factor that must be added is the unique characterof the Greeks and, once again, especially of the Athenians, who hadthe resources to attract innovators in arts and ideas, among othercultural achievements. He also hired artists to paint murals on the outside and inside of the building. But history has told us almost nothing about the mighty lords who built this fortress or about the life of the people over whom they ruled.
Athens experienced its first period of explosive growth following the disastrous Greco-Turkish War in 1921 when more than a million Greek refugees from Asia Minor were resettled in Greece. According to Greek mythology, the city was named after the goddess Athena after she won a competition with Poseidon over who would become the protector of the city. Translation movement made it possible for scholars to acquire the useful knowledge from other ancient civilizations such as Greek, Indians, and Persians. Besides war, the Classical era in Athens, Greece, produced great literature, , drama, and. He was a political and military leader, but never a king. He took this, as all Greeks would, as meaning the Olympic Games, so he waited until the time came for them, and then he and his friends took possession of the citadel. With this system, Pericles succeeded in keeping the courts full of jurors Ath.
The maiden was at home with her mother, and the messenger who was sent to Argos to bring her was charged to say that he father desired to wed her to the hero Achilles. The Spartan momentum aided the Greek states to unite against the Persians in the Persian Wars and their victory over their potential dominators coined the term Eleftheria which described the Greek people's value of freedom from outside rule which we valued enough to revolt against England and its King almost 2300 years later. Athens Under Pericles In the 450s, the Athenian general consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor. This can be clearly seen in his funeral oration: 'Our city-state does not copy the laws of our neighbors, we are not followers, but rather the pattern to follow. They consented, but not quite trusting the Archon, they fastened a long rope to the Statue of Athena and held it as they descended the hill, so that they might still be secure under the protection of the goddess.
Driving the Persians off was one thing, but picking a fight with them was quite another. Government The government of Athens during the time of the Golden Age was a direct democracy. This is a much later printing of his Elements, of Euclid's eEements, but you would be amazed how much of modern geometry has been described by Euclid. Another success of his administration was the creation of the misthophoria μισθοφορία, which literally means paid function , a special salary for the citizens that attended the courts as jurors. This was meant to ensure that political functions were instituted in such a way as to run smoothly, regardless of each official's individual capacity. This was looked upon as a great crime by the Athenians, for they considered it not only treachery, but also sacrilege, and it made the Archon many enemies. The greatest of the early Kings was Theseus, he who slew the Minotaur and freed Athens from paying tribute to Minos the Sea-King of Crete.
When Persian ships move into the strait between Salamis and the Greek mainland, the triremes ram and sink 200 Persian vessels, and Athens wins the war. The constitutional change, according to Thucydides, seemed the only way to win much-needed support from against the old enemy and, further, it was thought that the change would not be a permanent one. On the side of philosophy, you have Xenophon, who was another one of Socrates' students in addition to Plato, and in fact, the life of Socrates we learn from the writings of Plato and Xenophon. They had the Long Walls to the port that enabled them to get supplies. And so what he's saying is, even though Rome had conquered Greece, Greece's culture took captive her conqueror, took captive the Roman culture, instilled Greece's arts in the rustic Latin world. After Solon resigned from public office various factional leaders sought to seize power and the ultimate victor, Peisistratos, recognized the value of Solon's revisions and kept them, in a modified form, throughout his reign as a benevolent tyrant. Kleisthenes divided the Athenians in 10 races with ten municipalities each.
This magnificent structure was a temple to the goddess Athena. Behind the orchestra, is the stage on which the actors will act, at the back of which is a building painted to look like the front of a temple or a palace, to which the actors retire when they are not wanted on the stage or have to change their costumes. At eighteen they served in the army and were instructed on how to bear arms. The fifty prytaneis in power were located on grandstands carved into the rock. Thisdevelopment shifted to the Macedonian kingdoms … in Egypt, Asia Minorand Syria which formed after Alexander's conquests. The government of Attica was historically the first ever democracy, pioneering ideas of equality and power divided amongst all. The Golden Age also fathered such philosophers as Socrates 470-399 , Plato 428-347 , and Aristotle 384-322.
Building Programs Pericles is perhaps most famous for his great building projects. The site had suffered from a fire started by the and lay in ruins for more than 30 years. His family was descended from Alcmaeon, and so the curse was spoken of as the curse on the Alcmaeonids, and the enemies of this family always attributed to it any calamites that happened to the city. Each polis had its own forms of government, which evolved over time. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year. As we go a little bit out of our timeline right over here, you have Archimedes, one of the greatest mathematicians and scientists of all time, but you also have contributions in the arts, some of the most famous playwrights of the ancient time, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides.