The land reforms had catastrophic impacts on many small famers and destroyed a culture of subsistence farming in some areas. The newly developed synthetic herbicides and pesticides controlled weeds, deterred or kill insects, and prevented diseases, which also resulted in higher productivity. Agriculture is the largest employing industry in the world. Appropriate Technology Increasing global food supply can also be achieved by using appropriate technology. While these crops do not feed people or contribute to food security they do result in higher income for farmers due to greater yields. The Indian Council for Agricultural research was re-organized in 1965 and then again in 1973.
Yet hunger persists at alarming rates, and if you discount China from the equation, world hunger has actually increased by 11 percent since the start of the revolution. Of course, this is due to reasons other than availability of food in India, but the very fact that some people are still starving in India whatever the reason may be , brings into question whether the Green Revolution has failed in its overall social objectives though it has been a resounding success in terms of agricultural production. Most of the initiatives that were introduced began in the late 1960s in poorer, densely-populated parts of the world. The pesticides we used killed the birds and snails and everything else. The Borrowing money facility was also risky, because one poor harvest would mean many very poor farmers could end up destitute.
Every quarter mile or so we pass women walking alone or in small groups, balancing baskets of cassavas, papayas, or bananas on their heads. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. This spurred the growth of the local manufacturing sector. Using safe modifications and pursuing further ventures in research is one way we can continue on the path of the Green Revolution. Click here to launch gallery. Genetic Modification Genes identified in one species can be transferred directly to an unrelated species, giving it an entirely new trait—resistance to a pest, say, or to a weed killer.
So, the Green Revolution continued with this quantitative expansion of farmlands. The increase in irrigation created need for new dams to harness monsoon water. By making plants resistant to herbicides means fields can be sprayed to kill weeds without affecting the crop. But some farmers are learning that a simple, low-tech solution—planting a diversity of crops—is one of the best ways to deter pests. In terms of crops, it remain largely confined to food grains only, not to all kinds of agricultural produce.
The first is the breeding of new plant varieties; the second is the application of modern agricultural techniques such as chemical fertilizers, herbicides, irrigation, and mechanization. Appropriate technology must be relatively low-tech and practical for local people. The new materials added to the soil and plants polluted the soil and water systems around the fields. Answering that question will be one of the greatest challenges of this century. In this lesson, we will explore the Green Revolution and investigate the benefits and issues associated with this period.
These technologies included modern irrigation projects, pesticides, synthetic nitrogen fertilizer and improved crop varieties developed through the conventional, science-based methods available at the time. India for example was on the brink of mass famine in the early 1960s because of its rapidly growing population. Impact of new technology Changes in farming policy have led to a large increase in food production in India because it has a rapidly growing population to feed. What changes in farming in India did the Green Revolution bring about? As well as being expensive, in some cases where inappropriate schemes were used salinisation became a problem. Throughout history there have been many revolutions that have occurred and changed human lives, such as the American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. This practice is known to require large tracts of land, which are not often available, intensive amounts of fertilizers and large volumes of water, bring about difficulties to farmers.
It eliminates the need to fallow lands. This agricultural method has allowed farmers to re-plant similar crops without fallowing their lands, which is known to be a costly process. For the greater half of the 20th century and the start of the 21st century, The Green Revolution has taken off as the mission to end world hunger. This is often not appropriate because local people do not have the skills, knowledge and money required to use and maintain this technology. Replying to the debate on 2012-13 Union Budget in Rajya Sabha, Mukherjee said due to substantial increase in rice output in the eastern states to the tune of 7 million tonnes in 2011-12, production of the staple grain has risen to a record 10. Richer farmers could profit from these, but poorer farmers couldn't and soon found themselves vulnerable to being bought out by wealthier neighbouring farms or corporations One of the biggest improvements made within the Green revolution was seed selection of plants with the best properties to fit certain environments. Corn, sugarcane, and some other plants use C4 photosynthesis.
Quick and his colleagues hope to learn how to switch them on in rice. This means that farmers do not have to be at the most fertile lands to be able to do their thing, as the Green Revolution has made it possible for agriculture to be more doable everywhere. In 1945 the Green Revolution started as leaders addressed the issues of hunger and starvation with the Green Revolution as the solution, and although it helped many people at the time, the Green Revolution is debated today whether it environmentally crushed many societies or was a worldwide helpful event. This leads to increased income which allows people to buy more nutritious food. During the 1960s, Punjab became the breadbasket of India as a result of the adoption of a Green Revolution technologies. Norman Borlaug was the agricultural scientist who led the program. Before those grim visions could come to pass, the green revolution transformed global agriculture, especially wheat and rice.