Scene 4 also introduces greed and the quest for power or authority as the two other major themes of the play. Just as Scene 3 results in a new reason for Abigail to accuse others of witchcraft, so Scene 4 provides the Putnams with a lucrative motivation to accuse their neighbors of witchcraft. He is described as 'one of those men for whom both sides of the argument had to have respect. Resentment, Envy, Malice Sadly, as is often the case with truly admirable people, those around Rebecca eventually succumb to resentment and envy, which then ferments into malice. To top it all, Mrs. The idea of Francis Nurse crouching behind trees, firing muskets at his neighbors over boundary quibbles does seem to complicate his image of impeccable respectability.
The only time he gets angry is when Judge Danforth decides to arrest all 91 people who signed this petition. Rebecca Nurse Abigail Williams Abigail vs. It quickly becomes clear to the audience that the accusations were motivated by personal vengeance rather than an honest attempt to protect the town from the Devil, a realization that, unfortunately, very few of the characters in the play ever make. Even the visiting reverend, Mr. When the hysteria begins, he hesitates to expose Abigail as a fraud because he worries that his secret will be revealed and his good name ruined. The scene in which she and John Proctor head to the gallows is heartbreaking.
Instead of shouting or lashing out in anger as one might very reasonably do if one's wife is imprisoned unjustly, Francis remains respectful to the end. The men begin discussing lawsuits and land rights. Thomas Putnam Rebecca Nurse Reverend Parris Parris vs. And yet I have but one child left of eight — and now she shrivels! Putnam, Rebecca Nurse is charged with the supernatural murder of Putnam's children, who were each stillborn. Parris should lay his hand upon my baby. Putnam, being a representation of the rest of the Salemite community, does not take responsibility, only blaming it on other forces which are easiest to fault.
Also there were small grudges held by Thoma … s Putnam concerning land of the Nurse's. Despite the general high opinion of Francis Nurse among the townspeople, it is clear things were not all sunshine and roses. Rebecca Nurse is the clear martyr in the play, the most pure and saintly character hanged for witchery. Hale himself is even incredulous, 'If Rebecca Nurse be tainted, then nothing's left to stop the whole green world from burning. Nevertheless, he has a hidden sin—his affair with Abigail Williams—that proves his downfall. Parris views Proctor as his primary opponent, demonstrated when he accuses Proctor of leading a faction against him. James Bayley was the candidate supported by Jonathan Putnam, another prominent man in town.
Even those who condemn her fear the power of her virtue: 'Let Rebecca stand upon the gibbet and send up some righteous prayer, and I fear she'll wake a vengeance on you. Respectful in the Face of Injustice Once the reality of the witch trials becomes too clear for mockery, Francis goes to court to plead on behalf of his wife. Furthermore, we are told that Francis Nurse and those loyal to him actually broke away from the town of Salem to form their own settlement which they referred to as Topsfield. Her husband, Francis Nurse, is highly respected in Salem, and many people ask him to arbitrate their disputes. Symbolically Giles is saying that people's greed and vengeance one their own neighbors is creating a pit of despair that will eventually swallow everyone. To Giles, any book is strange and the idea of a woman wanting to read totally blows his mind.
Disputing property boundaries seems to be quite a popular hobby in Arthur Miller's version of Salem, Massachusetts, so perhaps this is not surprising. Francis Nurse's composure and respectability serves as a constant contrast to the hysteria and irrationality which overcomes Salem during the witch trials. It seems the Putnam family was often at odds with the Nurse family over property boundaries. Rebecca Nurse: A Pillar of Society Have you ever met someone who emanates a sense of pure goodness--who can never do wrong? She doesn't shout or argue, she just continually and peacefully asserts her innocence. Clasp his hand, make your peace.
I'd consider it a work of historical-fiction. His critical mind and intelligence save him from falling into blind fervor. This tone of urgency and panic was similar to the hysteria during the Communist witch hunts. An elderly woman who was inoccent in m … y oppinon was killed because of someone else's guilty heart. He is incredulous that such a good, respected lady could be charged with such an absurd crime.
Proctor criticizes Parris' request for the deed to his home, but Parris is acting reasonably because he knows Salem's history of getting rid of ministers. Bayley was well qualified and won two thirds of the vote, but Francis and his followers still managed somehow to prevent him from taking office. His mention of this fact leads to an accusation that his wife is a witch. She is suspicious because Rebecca has not lost any of her children. In this time period, it was not uncommon for children to die at birth or early in childhood for a number of reasons, including poor medical treatment, improper nutrition, and harsh living conditions.
Proctor believes a minister obsessed with obtaining material goods — such as golden candlesticks, rather than pewter ones — cannot truly serve God or minister to others. Putnam targets Rebecca because she is in the room and she is one of the mothers who has not lost a child, so Parris targets Proctor because he is there in front of him and, therefore, representative of the other undutiful inhabitants of Salem. She and he daughter Ruth accuse Rebecca of the murders of all seven babies. The girls, sir, the girls are frauds. Do you know who I am, Mr. Hale, knows of her goodness, saying 'we have all heard of your great charities in Beverly.