Nursing Theorists and Their Work, 8th edition. Planning transpires based on the decision-making regarding the search for ways to reach objectives. She was one of the first nurse theorists to link academic theory with clinical nursing practice. The nurse and client communicate, first in interaction and then in transaction, to attain mutually set goals. By inference, all other techniques of therapeutic communication are eliminated.
This is also the basic assumption of the nursing process. A family is an interpersonal system, and when a nurse and patient interact they also form an interpersonal system. For the most part, concepts are clearly defined. I would begin this progress by comparing a then and now technique as my way of observing my own growth. When she retired in 1990, King was honored as a professor emeritus.
It has also been used as a tool to address the concerns of various patients including those expressing concerns about birth, body weight, and stress. King treasured her relationship with Sugimori, Kameoka and other Japanese nurses. Theoretical Basis for Nursing Philadelphia. If you would like to contribute a page, but haven't yet built a web page, that barrier can be overcome. Interpersonal System: involves individuals interacting with one another 3.
She also earned her doctoral degree from Teachers College, Columbia University in 1961. . External environment — involves formal and informal organizations. Some counselors use each as a single treatment approach while others chose to blend things from two or more together. Social System Organization— composed of human beings with prescribed roles and positions who use resources to accomplish personal and organizational goals.
The internal environment transforms energy to enable a person to adjust to continuous external environment changes. The final level is the social level with nurses providing care through social programs Catalano, 2006. Individuals or groups of individuals are supported by the goal of providing health care through nursing practices. Environment : It is the background forhuman interactions. Her theory deals with a nurse-client dyad, a relationship to which each person brings personal perceptions of self, role, and personal levels of growth and development.
A major limitation is the effort required of the reader to sift through the presentation of a conceptual framework and a theory with repeated definitions to find the basic concepts. Those concepts include human interactions, perception, communication, role, stress, time, space, growth and development, and transactions. The next phase is the. Nursing Science Quarterly 7 65. Individual Individuals are social beings who are rational and sentient.
As the instructor for the class the nurse has already established that all the participants have a common interest. The concept of a patient aggregate such as having families and communities as the focus of nursing practice was not tackled. Once the results of the research are available it can be applied to practice Catalano, 2006. According to King, the patient is a social being who has three fundamental needs: the need for health information, the need for care that seeks to prevent illness, and the need for care when the patient is unable to help him or herself. These are the personal system, the interpersonal system, and the social system. Humans communicate their thoughts, actions, customs, and beliefs through language.
Nursing: Nursing for Imogene King is an act wherein the nurse interacts and communicates with the client. A Theory of Goal Attainment: Philosophical and Ethical Implications. In 2005, two years before her death, the American Academy of Nursing named her a Living Legend. Overall King's theory is very applicable to Nursing and it's practices It can be applied in education, the clinical setting, and research. Here are the 8 propositions to consider. They then set goals to attain, maintain and restore health.
Nursing Theorists and Their Work. The concepts for the social system are: organization, authority, power, status, and decision making. The result…The Theory of Goal Attainment. Role— a set of behaviors expected of a person occupying a position in a social system. Her First Love: Teaching Born in a small town in Iowa in 1923, King attended nursing school at the suggestion of her uncle, a local surgeon, who provided financial support. Man as a tim e-oriented being is usually controlled b y time orientation.
From 1966-68, she served as assistant chief in the Research Grants Branch, Division of Nursing, Bureau of Health Manpower and Welfare. The way that people relate and communicate and interact will change due to the rapid advancement of technologies. End of Life: Nursing Solutions for Death with Dignity. Power is the ability to use and to mobilize resources to achieve goals. The interaction is influenced by both the perceptions of the nurse and the client.