Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? You don't want to plagiarize the work of others. It should be written in the past tense, and should reflect the procedures you actually used and the experiments you actually carried out rather than simply what the lab handout says. Finally, figures must have text about them written in the Results section. Another possibility to consider is if the experiment was conducted under factors that were considerably different from those described in the manual. Sample 1: The of the first experiment supported the hypothesis that the rate of conversion of the substrate would increase with increased amounts of enzyme. It should read like an accounting of what you did, not an instruction manual.
Discussion If you were assigned to write a complete Discussion section,. Example A is an example from a well written results section; it uses relevant material and focuses on the results and not the Figures. References A listing of published works you cited in the text of your paper listed by author or however the citation style you are using requires the citation to be listed. However, the most common figure, particularly for undergraduates, is the line graph, so this is what we will focus on here. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. Use your discretion and try to use whichever technique most effectively dramatizes the results. Other factors such as contaminates in the water used may have affected the results, but again every effort to minimalize such effects was made by using only deionized water.
To phrase this a different way, you must convey to your readers exactly how you moved from point A was your hypothesis supported? What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? Your responsibility is to report the results of your study, not to teach your readers how to analyze or interpret statistics. Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin. Write this section in the past tense. Describe the organism s used in the study. Overall the lab was really good and we learned quite a lot of stuff.
It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. If so, how do you interpret your findings? A short guide to writing about Biology. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic. Because a lab report is argumentative — in that you are examining a claim and determining the legitimacy of this claim by producing and gather evidence — it is frequently a wise decision to conclude your report with the same technique you utilized for establishing your main point. We will begin by addressing each element of the Introduction to explain what it covers and why it is significant. Afterward, explain the results in a conclusion that discusses the outcome or errors along the way. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.
Measure 50 mL of water using your graduated cylindar and pour it into a 200 mL beaker. If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment or theirs? Then we will be able to develop a logical organization method for the section. State the results in the text first, then use visual aids to show the data. For example, instead of writing In Scope, we opened the Stimulator window and. As can be seen from our water data the experimental values for the melting and boiling points of water differed from the theoretical values by +0.
For example, in some scenarios, it might be best to combine them since this will make the meaning of the data clear to the audience. Explanation: After his explanation he presents the unexpected results and discusses possible reasons for this data. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research. Coli, it was apparent that all treatments used a deterring effect on the growth of E. Also note that the Results section reads more like a well-organized list than a story. However, he does state his expectations and whether or not his results supported these expectations.
As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. Ensure that you are very explicit concerning the relationship between the evidence and your conclusions drawn from it. As you will likely recall, the scientific method requires developing a hypothesis, putting it to the test, and then determining if your results support the hypothesis. Discussion The discussion section should explain to the reader the significance of the results and give a detailed account of what happened in the experiment. This is very common where the is straightforward, and provides continuity.
You should aim to narrate your findings without trying to interpret or evaluate them, other than to provide a link to the discussion section. To get the best results possible, the procedure in the manual was modified by repeating each trial three times. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper beyond title skimming , they will likely get the key results and conclusions. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures. Quite often the individuals piecing together laboratory reports include a clear indication of the methodologies or theoretical work that has been put into practice.