Agnesi remains one of the most mysterious and interesting people in the history of mathematics. She referred to it using the Italian word versiera, which is derived from a verb that means to turn. Her father was a professor of mathematics in Bologna, and Agnesi enjoyed a childhood of wealth and privilege. Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini, clavicembalist and composer, was her sister. So successful was Agnesi's textbook that it became the standard text on the subject for the next 100 years. After Maria's father died in 1752, she was fiinally free to choose the course of the rest of her life; she decided to leave mathematics behind forever to focus on theology and charity work.
In eighteeth century Italy, a gifted mathematician wrote a series of books about math that were studied throughout the world for years. The cubic curve commonly known as the Witch of Agnesi, named after Maria Agnesi This common curve is Maria Agnesi's most famous contribution to mathematics, even though the name came about by accident. She wrote in defense of higher education for woman. Here is the of the original Italian version of the Instituzioni analitche ad uso della gioventu italiana Foundations of Analysis for the Use of Italian Youth of 1718-1799. The passion and talent for languages Sarah proves to be a brilliant student much to receive the nickname of Oracle Settilingue: learns quickly and with great skill the Italian as well as French and German, Greek, Latin, Spanish and Hebrew. This was to bring her much fame. It provides a systematic as well as most comprehensive treatment of algebra.
This book won immediate acclaim in academic circles all over Europe and brought recognition as a mathematician to Agnesi. Since her examination she has been touring all over the world such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand. Her principal work, Analytical Institutions, introduces the reader to algebra and analysis, providing elucidations of integral and differential calculus. At any rate, after her father's death in 1752, Agnesi apparently lost all interest in scientific work, devoting herself to a religious life. He is also a regular contributor to The Freethinker, Philosophy Now, Free Inquiry, and Skeptical Inquirer. Being a woman, Agnesi was prevented from accessing college; however, she carried out her training privately, under the supervision of eminent tutors. Her first theatrical work, Il ristoro d'Arcadia, was successfully presented in Milan in 1747.
Internet Resources Gray, Shirley B. At age nine, she translated into Latin, recited from memory, and released for publication a lengthy speech advocating higher education for women, By age eleven, she was thoroughly familiar with Greek, German, Spanish, and Hebrew. By age 13 she learned and spoke more than 6 languages. From a young age, she consistently broke out of those proscribed gender limitations. Agnesi divided her time between working at an elderly-care hospital and writing a two-volume textbook that sought to synthesize and explain, for the first time in Italian, the insights of analytic geometry and calculus. The religious vocation Despite his success, at the age of twenty-one years, the young man asks his father for permission to become a nun; the elderly father however requires care and aid, so Maria Gaetana sacrifices his religious vocation despite getting not to take more part in the social life of his home and his city, and have the opportunity to attend church with the utmost freedom.
The university sent her a diploma and her name was added to the faculty. Following the publication of her book Agnesi reached the apex of her fame, and in 1750 she was offered a lectureship in mathematics at the University of Bologna through the personal intervention of the pontiff,. When her work was published in 1748, it caused a sensation in the academic world. However, her father was horrified that his most talented child wanted to become a nun and begged her to reconsider her decision. From 1987 to 1991 Lena Maria studied at The Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
By the age of twenty, she began working on her most important work, Analytical Institutions, dealing with differential and integral calculus. Maria's great contribution to mathematics with this book was that it brought the works of various mathematicians together in a very systematic way with her own interpretations. During the remainer of his life she did as he wished but she lived in closed rooms of his house and helped old sick women. When she was 9 years old, she composed and delivered an hour-long speech in Latin to some of the most distinguished intellectuals of the day. The Pope at the time was interested in mathematics and in 1750 made certain that Agnesi was invited to be an honorary lecturer in mathematics at the University of Bologna. By the time she was 5 years old, she could speak both Italian and French.
Among the subjects discussed is Isaac Newton's theory of universal gravitation. While still a child, Agnesi took part in learned discussions with noted intellectuals who visited her parents' home. She lived in the home alongside nuns that helped her to operate the facility. When she was 17 years old, Agnesi wrote a memoir about the Marquis de l'Hospital's 1687 article on conic sections. She was not ambitious to become a well-known mathematician. Received Papal Recognition In 1750, Pope named Agnesi professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at the University of Bologna.
She took over management of the household. Theology Meanwhile does not abandon his studies in religious matters, holds public lectures on the Catechism: without qualifications is now a theologian, so much so that the cardinal Pozzobonelli, to decide on the orthodoxy of an essay on politics and religion, it is about her that appeals. Although the meetings did not appeal to her, due to the fact that she was shy, she continued attending to meetings in order to please her father. Pietro Agnesi was an ambitious and overbearing man. Maria later died in the poorhouse and is buried ina mass grave for the poor with fifteen other bodies. In her later years, Maria Agnesi lived very simply and devoted all of her time and money to caring for the sick and elderly.