After a night of partying, McMurphy and Chief prepare to escape, inviting Billy to come with them. Rebellion McMurphy recognizes the arbitrary nature of Nurse Ratched's rules, so he determines to rebel. This pun serves a greater metaphorical purpose in Kesey's hands, as Ratched manipulates the patients and twists them to spy on one another or expose each others' weaknesses in group sessions. McMurphy places a bet with the other men on the ward that he can break Nurse Ratched without a getting sent to the Disturbed Ward, b getting treated with , or c being. Spivey and the other residents are trying to impress Nurse Ratched by saying they believe McMurphy deserves electroshock therapy, because they believe she will take the punitive route. To get out, he needs to protect himself, to play by Ratched's rules.
Reprinted New York: Penguin Books, 2007. Jesus, I mean, you guys do nothin' but complain about how you can't stand it in this place here and then you haven't got the guts just to walk out! Through the conflict between Nurse Ratched and Randle Patrick McMurphy, the novel explores the themes of individuality and rebellion against conformity, ideas that were widely discussed at a time when the United States was committed to opposing communism and totalitarian regimes around the world. Spivey, the head of the mental institution, McMurphy seeks to find common ground and explain his criminal behavior. We don't want them here — and they don't want them elsewhere, either, whether or not they'll admit it. The catatonic Ellis is nailed to the wall each morning in order to keep him upright, and patients receiving shock therapy are hooked up in a similar fashion with accompanying caps that are referred to multiple times as a crown of thorns.
Safer, The Contemporary American Comic Epic: The Novels of Barth, Pynchon, Gaddis, and Kesey, Detroit: Wayne State University Press 1988. For example, the novel addresses the issue of women in power and the consequences of rebelling against authority, all concerns of mid-century America. In this moment, McMurphy is also making the point that it is his ability to act and follow his impulses and libido that prove that he is not crazy. The only two characters in this scene are Bromden and McMurphy, and even though McMurphy would be considered the main character of the entire film, Bromden is the main character of this scene because he has the strongest desire. When McMurphy finds out that he is one of two patients that are involuntarily committed to the hospital, it makes him realize that he alone is fighting for his freedom, and the others have been repressed by Ratched to the point of being afraid to rebel against her or simply leave.
McMurphy's fun-loving, rebellious presence in Ratched's institution is a constant annoyance, as neither threats nor punishment nor shock therapy will stop him or the patients under his sway. It's still hard for me to have a clear mind thinking on it. Upon arriving at the hospital, he finds the ward run by , a steely tyrant who subtly intimidates her patients into doing her bidding. He agrees to let McMurphy host a party and sneak in prostitutes one night. Nurse Ratched represents the control and dominance of the government in the 50s, and Bromden Chief represents the oppression of non-white people by the government and McCarthyism. You oughta be out in a convertible, why—bird-doggin' chicks and bangin' beaver! It is worth noting also that McMurphy's feelings about women are almost entirely sexual—his only comment about Harding's wife pertains to her breasts.
A Woman in Charge When Randle P. Instead, McMurphy fills this role, and Bromden acts as both the main character, providing. The damage is still there, it is merely hidden. I'm not saying they killed him. This poem is allegorical to the hospital in the following ways: 1.
In the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, by Ken Kesey, the wrong people seem to be getting the treatment. Just when Nurse Ratched thinks she has the upper hand, McMurphy steps back up to the plate and challenges her authority again. To Kesey, these are far more sinister: they completely alter the person underneath. Usually, mentally-unstable people do not understand what it means to laugh and simple do not see humor in the everyday things other high-functioning people do. Laughter also proves a vital role in helping the patients deal with their problems. In the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, by Ken Kesey, the wrong people seem to be getting the treatment. This positions him as the perfect narrator, since he is allowed to witness everything on the ward.
In the absence of the actual game, McMurphy imagines the game the men might enjoy together and leads them through a fantasy, much to Nurse Ratched's puzzlement and disapproval. The first character to master it is the antagonist Nurse Ratchet. In the group therapy, Nurse Ratched presses him as to why he never told his mother about his attraction to a young woman, and we learn that Billy is afraid of his mother's judgment. As a young man, the Chief was a high school star, a college student, and a. In both pieces of media there is one person that is in charge… One Flew Over the Cuckoo 's Nest guides the audience through the unforgettable story of the protagonist, Randle McMurphy. McMurphy takes the spirits of the disappointed men into his own hands when he pretends that the blank television screen is in fact showing a baseball game, and he pretends to announce the goings-on to the men with a spirited theatricality.
During his time in the ward, McMurphy gets into a battle of wits with Ratched. In this scene, Nurse Ratched uses Billy's fear of his mother and her friendship with his mother to instill fear and shame, which only exacerbates his mental illness, and drives him to suicide. The violence of the hospital is implicit, and it is far more powerful: it changes the core of the person it effects. He discovers that McMurphy has scars on his forehead, and in an act of mercy, smothers his friend with a pillow. After the , he sits and stares at a picture of his wife, and occasionally screams profanities. He explains to McMurphy, unlike prison, patients are kept in the hospital as long as the staff desires. Ken Kesey's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest offers a unique take on this theme:.