No part of the Eastern Ghat has elevations more than 900 metres and the mountain is highly dissected. The other major rivers in India include Narmada River, originating at Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh; river Godavari, originating at Trayambakeshwar in Maharashtra; river Krishna, originating at Mahabaleshwar; river Kaveri, passing through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Mahanadi River flowing through Chhattisgarh and Odisha. The area stretching from Pennsylvania to Tennessee is sometimes called the Great Valley. Here we want to convert from feet to meters. This range covers all the eastern states of India, commonly known as the Seven Sisters. Darjeeling in West Bengal is close to the Nepal border.
Irrigational facilities are well developed. Glacial till fills a shallow stream channel that was incised into the underlying bedrock. Other rivers that join Ganga include Gomti, Ghaghra, Gandak and Kosi. Among the three plains, the Indus plain is more extensive; it covers a distance of 960 kilometres. Plains of North India 3. Nandadevi Uttar Pradesh rises to 7,817 m and is situated about 330 km north-east of Delhi.
This also is an area of dispute for India and Pakistan. The plain gradually slopes to the south-east and is formed of the old Bhangar alluvium, while the lowlands are formed of the newer Khadar alluvium. The other two ranges are the Ladakh and the Zaskar ranges. A typical coastal area like the Tuticorin Coast has been taken up in this p roject and a detailed study has been completed in 1989 itself. The Aravalli Range is located to the north-western part of the plateau.
Valleys: The Himalayas are home for some of the best known fruit orchards. However, the main range is in Rajasthan, having imposing relief features. Indra points marks the southern-most point of the Indian Union. From Punjab in the west to Assam in the east, the Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra plain can be divided into a number of segments on the basis of the differences in local relief. The depression was occupied by Indian Ocean. Guru Shikhar is the highest peak on which Mount Abu 1,722 m is situated. K2, the second highest peak of the world, is also a part of this range.
The highest peak of Eastern ghats is found in chintapalli village of Vishakapatnam 8. The Khadar: It is made up of fresh newer alluvium which is deposited by the rivers flowing down the plain. It is made up of lava flows in the Cretaceous — Eocene era through the fissure eruptions. The country encounters four different types of seasons - winter, summer, monsoon and post-monsoon. The sediments might have been derived from the two stable land masses—Angara land to the north and peninsular landmass to the south. Its table land consists of horizontallyarranged lava sheets 4. It is believed to be formed from the Aravalli Mountains.
It covers an area of 3,42,239 sq. These are some of the tallest mountain ranges in the world. The highest temperature recorded in India so far is 50. East coastal plain West coastal plain 1. These tributaries have formed secondary alluvial fans at their debouching points.
The Pir Panjal pass lies to the west of Srinagar and comprises Banihal Pass, Sinthal Pass, Rohtang La, Munawar Pass and Haji Pir Pass. For this reason, quartz is the most abundant mineral on earth and wherever quartz grains are tightly cemented together as sandstone, this rock type forms spectacular cliffs and insulates underlying rock types from erosion. The Himalayas and other ranges. With time, the buried ice blocks melt leaving behind a kettle hole or a kettle lake. On the basis of relief features, the Himalayas are divided in two ways—from west to east, and from south to north.
Jammu, Kangra and Vaishno Devi are a part of this range. The McMahon Line divides India and China and runs along the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim. Cite this article as: Shanwal, A. Great Himalayas are also known as Himadri. One becquerel is one radioactive decay per second. This range contains one of the highest mountain peaks of the world. The Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain : Origin: The vast plain of India, between the Himalayas to the north and the peninsular plateau to the south is formed by the Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra Rivers.
The alluvial cones are formed at the foot of the mountains by the streams. In addition to the above major divisions, there are numerous smaller relief features created by the erosional and depositional activities of the glaciers. Indian peninsula tapers southward and divides Indian Ocean into two expanse of water - the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. It flows east and then west to join the Ganges in Bangladesh the main channel is known as Jamuna in Bangladesh. A number of Himalayan rivers — Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak and Kosi join Ganga.
However, one thing should be remembered; and that is the present reliefs of the Himalayas are very complex, and many of them might have been created by the erosional activities on the landmass long before it had risen from the floor of the Tethys Sea. The Great Plains: The Great Plains of India consists largely of alluvial deposits brought down by the rivers originating in the Himalayan and the peninsular region. Rivers originating from the Himalayas have been bringing down silt over the centuries. The Himalayas follow a general west to east direction exactly in conformity with the alignment of the Tethys Sea. The width of the Himalayas varies from 500 km in Kashmir to 200 km in Arunachal Pradesh. Landslides are the most common natural disasters in mountainous regions, being responsible for significant loss of life as well as damage to critical infrastructure and properties.