Firstly, it is liberal which means that the constitution not only ensures religious equality and liberty to all Indian citizens but also it protects basic rights and privileges of all religious communities which reside in India. Here in India man of any religion or faith can occupy the highest position in the state. So much so, the different types of freedom are made, inviolable by having been enshrined in the Constitution under the headings Fundamental Rights. Secularism has three main components, viz. However, this was not continued long. I swear by my religion. They keep reminding the people of their communal identity so that they could exploit the communal feelings of voters at the time of elections.
The battle of secularism and democracy has also to be fought at the grass root levels where a set ideals generating strong idealism is required to mobilize and prepare the masses for struggle. More so when the compromise is invited on grounds of humanitarian ethics. The oppressed sections join the secular movement to wrest the accompanying liberal space that can be the base for launching the struggles for their rights. Secularism The best way to understand secularism is to ensure that social and political order is free from institutionalized religious domination so that there is religious freedom, freedom to exit from religion, inter religious equality and equality between believers and non-believers. It refers to the independence of government and religious groups where none can exert pressure or dominance over the other. Education and Secularism One of the major challenges to modern day secularism is the lack of education.
The primary information was collected through survey and the main sources of secondary information are various journal articles on the topic. Religion, among other factors, cannot be a ground for ineligibility or disqualification. As per the requirement of the report, it is based on both primary and secondary information. The leaders of Swaraj Party began to advocate fordominion status to India. Further, Hindutva forces accuse that secularism pampers the Muslims as a vote bank. In spite of the several divisive forces at work, India has been successful in maintaining its secular character.
They also cite the example of the creation of a separate nation of Pakistan out of India as proof that the Hindus and Muslims could not live together. One of the most chronic causes of the communal riots is the manoeuvring by politicians to political advantage out of the hostility between the two communities. These groups quickly mushroomed and poisoned the social space with communal rhetoric and the agenda of Hindu Rashtra; and launched an ideological, social and political onslaught on secular ethos, syncretic culture and composite nationalism. Positively, this right safeguards the right to religious freedom and negatively it prohibits the State from compelling by law any person to practice any particular creed or religion. Even at this stage, though constitution was secular, the state apparatus: the bureaucracy, the judiciary, the army and the police were infiltrated by communal elements.
No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. At present it contains 395 Articles and 12 Schedules, and more than 80 amendments. Secularism in India Essay No. I pray we can become closer to this ideal once again. Article 17 declares abolition of untouchability and its practice in any form. Difference of opinion is natural part of human thinking.
The burgeoning neo-middle classes have emerged as pivotal points that embraced consumerism as modernity but simultaneously began looking towards culture and tradition for support. We should value democratic, not fascistic, unity. Xenophobia is growing day by day, and the government is taking no steps to bond us together, instead they are playing cheap tricks and practicing vote bank politics. As a result of this disparity in population of different religious groups, the political parties, in their efforts to win votes, propose and implement policies for the appeasement of a particular section in a particular place. Europeans of all races and classes looked outside the church to solve societal and familial issues. There are the Hindus, the Muslims, the Christians, the Sikhs, the Jains, the Buddhists, the Jews, the Parsis and others. Failure of the Government in Evolving a Just Economic Order: The failure of the government to evolve a just economic order and eliminate poverty also gave a serious setback to secularism.
Fundamentalism is the regressive reaction of feudal elements and sections of middle classes in league with the clergy, to crush the aspirations of oppressed class, whose movements for their rights is a big source of tension for them. The traumatic events clearly exposed the chasm that had been created between the two communities by communal forces. To ensure secularism all the citizens shall have to be more cordial and tolerant. Indiscriminate slaughter of neighbours killing neighbours, friends beheading friends, relationships splitting and morality was drained. Thus if the dream of a single nation was to be. Such rituals are performed even on state functions and therefore, create unnecessary misgivings about the neutrality of the State.
This strength of the Hindu religion is now viewed as a weakness. The State has nothing to do with it. Pandit Nehru has pithily pointedly said—. The Muslims are accused of extra-territorial loyalty because they allegedly cheer for Pakistan whenever India and Pakistan play cricket. Art 31 gives these minorities the right to establish educational institutions of their choice and the state shall not discriminate while making grants to these institutions on the ground that they are under management of a minority whether based on religion or language.
Unless this feeling of communalism is shunned, secularism cannot take firm roots in the Indian soil. Religious communities are given concessions and policy of appeasement is followed. The Indian point of view explains that secularism is the equal treatment of all religions. We can no longer ignore the possibility that post Gujarat 2002, villages too can become sites of ethnic riots. They are equating fundamentalism with Islam; and the policies of Indian rulers with secularism, and the appeasement of mullahs as being synonymous with secular policies.