The emphasis in the epidemiological literature on specific diseases is important and should become a more standard part of analyses by social scientists. Our study is also informed by segmented assimilation theory. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For Mexican, but not Cuban adolescents, acculturation mediated the effect of immigrant generation on alcohol use behaviors. Although often used in the literature, an appropriate counterfactual is not what is happening to the health of a native-born U. Research on ethnic groups offers limited insight into how ethnic minorities experience drug-and alcohol-related problems, particularly those assimilating within the dominant society Weaver 1999 , McNulty et al. Social Science and Medicine , 28 12 , 1229- 1238.
If a person says his or her health is very good, the natural question is compared to whom? A purposive sample of 225 Hispanic adolescents 47% male aged 13 to 16 years were recruited from community venues e. We focus on Vietnamese youth in a particular U. Not surprisingly given that respondents are necessarily getting older, the general tendency for all groups included in this table is that their health deteriorated somewhat between 1991 and 1996. One way of testing this hypothesis is to examine changes across place of origin. We fitted multinomial logistic regression models to identify predictors of trajectory class membership. Reported rates of chronic conditions of new legal immigrants are quite low, especially compared to the native born. Migration Model of Initial Health Selectivity Will migrants be positively selected on their health, and if so what are the personal and environmental factors influencing the extent of this selection? Accommodation without assimilation Sikh immigrants in an american high school.
It also suggests the importance of time because migration is a key control in examining the health of older migrants. Latinos are disproportionately impacted by drinking and driving arrests and alcohol-related fatal crashes. Language, culture-specific health interventions and resources and enhancing social support are likely important strategies in promoting chronic disease self-management among the elderly. During the 1988-1994 time period, 24. This cross-sectional study of 40 mother-adolescent dyads examined the association of mother-youth acculturation gaps to youth adjustment problems. The scant research on the relation between psychosocial stress and alcohol use has found higher levels of alcohol and drug use among Hispanic adolescents who report higher levels of psychological and emotional distress. For general knowledge test scores, Latino concentration has no effect for children of immigrants and has a deleterious impact on the scores of children of U.
These results suggest that an immigrant congregation does not function simply as a means of maintaining a psychologically comforting sense of ethnicity while group members drop ethnic traits in their day-to-day lives. Being bilingual reduced the odds of alcohol use and binge drinking, but only for Mexican students. However, this may vary by Latino ethnic group as some groups may be less concentrated and less able to establish the tight social relationships required to translate ethnicity into social capital. Conclusion Previous research established some relationship between assimilation and alcohol use behaviors for adolescents, yet no published studies have explored whether the relationships between immigrant generation and alcohol use behaviors were mediated by acculturation, social capital, and school co-ethnic context. The following section uses data from the New Immigrant Survey to provide new information on the diversity of health outcomes of new legal immigrants to the United States. While males have greater frequency and quantity of drinking, there are no gender differences for alcohol use disorders.
The protective role of social capital and cultural norms in latino communities: A study of adolescent births. But almost half their social ties were with same-migration-background adolescents; non-migrants had few social ties to migrants. The study also observed significant gender differences in Japanese American drinking behavior which were attributed to ascribed social roles. Available from the Henry J. Sociologists see these paths mapping onto different kinds of acculturation as well.
A systematic study of an urban foodscape: The price and availability of food in greater Glasgow. However, social capital appears to subsume a number of discrete dimensions that are differently linked to particular outcomes. Environmental, policy, and cultural factors related to physical activity in a diverse sample of women: The Women's Cardiovascular Health Network Project-Summary and discussion. International Journal of the Addictions. Guided by a sociology-of-gender framework, we provide an overview and critique of recent academic debates on substance-use, particularly alcohol-use. Third, we included only those adolescents who responded that they were of Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban ancestry.
It was measured as a dummy variable that is equal to one if the adolescent indicated both that Spanish is the predominant language spoken in their home and that they earned an A or B in English during the last academic term. The social origins of the cuban enclave economy of miami. Qualitative data on the physical environment and social processes in the community were collected by interviews and observations in these eight communities. This sample of immigrant Latino students appeared to be vulnerable to engaging in risk-taking behaviors and did not exhibit the anticipated cultural protective factors associated with recent immigrants. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18 1 , 46- 53. In addition to describing the content of the models, their conceptualization of key variables, and the combinatorial rules used to make predictions, some general problems in theory development and testing for health behaviors are examined. As just one illustration among many, second generation Hispanic women fare worse than the first generation in terms of adolescent pregnancy and having low birthweight children Vega and Amaro, 1994.
This is the first study to examine the relationship between acculturation and alcohol use by gender and ethnicity using a nationally representative sample of Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adolescents. Over a third of 12 year-olds had ever drunk an alcoholic beverage in their lifetime suggesting that the prevention of alcohol use and disorders must begin in late childhood. The goal of this study was to determine if acculturation was associated with adverse birth outcomes in a predominantly Puerto Rican population. In contrast, living in a two-parent household was associated with increased odds of alcohol use and binge drinking for Puerto Rican adolescents. Acculturation and Latino health in the United States: A review of the literature and its sociopolitical context. Approximately one in every twenty-five 12-to-14-year-olds had binged in the past year.