He took up the life of a privateer. Then, in 1560, he began sailing ships with his cousin into Africa to illegally capture slaves. After passing through the Strait of Magellan, they entered the Pacific Ocean and went north along the coast of Peru, ransacking towns along the way. When Drake was about 18, he enlisted in the Hawkins family fleet, which prowled for shipping to plunder or seize off the French coast. Sir Francis Drake never had any children of his own. Drake and his men, downhearted, exhausted and hungry, had nowhere to go and the Spanish were not far behind. He later proceeded after recovering, and after a long chase, captured a Spanish ship with twenty-five thousand pesos of pure Peruvian gold.
In 1588, as Vice Admiral under the command of Charles Howard, he offered a stiff resistance and overcame the Spanish Armada, a Spanish fleet that was trying to invade England. Spanish Armada Elizabeth appointed Lord Charles Howard of Effingham commander of her fleet and gave Drake, Hawkins, and Martin Frobisher immediately subordinate posts. Drake and his remaining 59 crew members returned to Plymouth in September 1980. This title gave him the right to capture Spanish ships and ports, or harbors, where ships dock and unload cargo, in order to take stolen goods. The Cadiz raid damaged but did not cripple the Armada, which, under Alonso de Guzmán, Duke of Medina Sidonia, sailed in May 1588. Primary material can be found in John Barrow, Life, Voyages, and Exploits of Sir Francis Drake, with Numerous Original Letters 1844.
Some reports state that he was a sailor, but there are records that contradict this, and it seems likely that he too made his living from the land. He was given the opportunity by his mother to go learn… 1409 Words 6 Pages Francis Bacon was born on January 2nd, 1561, in the city of London, England. Thus there may be references here not fully explained, or answers missing their questions. One of the most famous incidents involving Drake was when the Spanish flagship, the Rosario, collided with another ship. The Golden Hind sailed north along the coast of South America, attacking Spanish ports and pillaging towns. Although Drake was wounded in the attack, which failed, he and his men managed to get away with a great deal of plunder by successfully attacking a silver-bearing mule train. He was ordained deacon and was made vicar of Church on the.
The Hawkins connection got Drake a place on a 1566 slave-trading expedition to the Cape Verde Islands and the Spanish Main. Drake was the son of Sir Drake, 1st of and his wife Joan Stroud, of Sir of Newnham. In 1569, he was trapped by the Spaniards on one of his fleets at the port of San Juan de Ulua in Mexico. The location of this replica is towards the water's edge, and it can be seen right from the base during low tide, as the floor dries up. Drake: The Life and Legend of an Elizabethan Hero. Hawkins first led the fleet to Africa where they captured people to sell into slavery.
Drake knew the expedition was a failure; he cruised aimlessly to Honduras and back and then fell ill of fever and dysentery. Saint… 518 Words 3 Pages Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake is known for England's defeat of the Spanish Armada. Drake was also said to be the one who rounded fleeing Spanish ships after the sea battle. During the course of the voyage, Drake discovered that Tierra del Fuego, the land seen to the south of the Magellan Strait, was not part of a southern continent as had been believed previously, but an archipelago, or group of islands. He raided the waters around in modern with a crew including many French privateers including , a French buccaneer, and who had escaped the Spanish. As you will learn, Francis Drake grew up to be a tough sea navigator or explorer, and maybe his childhood had something to do with that! When the ship's chaplain Francis Fletcher in a sermon suggested that the woes of the voyage in January 1580 were connected to the unjust demise of Doughty, Drake chained the clergyman to a hatch cover and pronounced him excommunicated.
Philip began assembling his Armada in Portugal, which had been in his possession since 1580. Drake's body has never been recovered. Drake advocated a strong preventive blow at Philip's unprepared Armada and received permission to strike. Drake was most famous for his successful circumnavigation around the world. He organized a for Plymouth that served the city for 300 years. While there, Golden Hind became caught on a reef and was almost lost.
After depredations off Cartagena, he intercepted a Spanish gold train near Nombre de Dios and returned to England with the bounty. This second Sir Francis Drake, to the everlasting confusion of librarians and casual students of Drake, is the person who published, in 1628, the chronicle of the circumnavigation The World Encompassed. Drake made plans to attack Cacafuego. His second wife, Elizabeth Sydenham, was an heiress and the daughter of a local Devonshire magnate, Sir George Sydenham. His father later became a Calvinist lay preacher and raised his children as staunch Protestants.
The cautious Hawkins and the impetuous Drake could never work well together, and the Queen further complicated the situation by giving them equal authority; in effect, each commanded his own fleet. He was able to fulfill his plans after gold and silver treasures from Peru were found along the Caribbean Sea. Born in the market town of Tavistock, located in Devon, England, to Edmund Drake and Mary Mylwaye, Sir Francis was the eldest amongst twelve sons. The prize of the Rosario must have been too difficult to resist. His flagship, the Pelican, which Drake later renamed the Golden Hind or Hinde , weighed only about 100 tons. Two years after she had nosed her way into the Strait of Magellan, the Golden Hind came back into the Atlantic with only 56 of the original crew of 100 left aboard.
Drake and the Judith were able to escape, but he never forgave the Spanish. He also seems to have gotten into some legal trouble, perhaps involving petty crimes. After Drake's death, the widow Elizabeth eventually married Sir of. Click above to see Drake route map Birth of a Pirate Sir Francis Drake was born sometime around 1540 as the son of a Puritan farmer. The people of quality dislike him for having risen so high from such a lowly family; the rest say he is the main cause of wars. Drake ultimately received command of one of Hawkins's ships, the Judith, and accompanied his relative to Africa, Rio de la Hacha, and Santa Marta, where Hawkins disposed of the slaves.