Weberian Approach: Weber makes a clear distinction between class, status and power. Caste based stratification has been very rigid and permanent and a person belonging to one caste can never join another caste. They do not allow people to shift levels and do not permit social relationships between levels. Keeping in view these issues, there is one important thing to consider and evaluate public action in reducing inequality or poverty or depreciation. Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Social Stratification in India- Caste System The Indian caste system is a pertinent issue that has had major impacts to the development of the country.
The Indian caste system recognizes four classes which are, Brahmins who are mainly Priests and scholars, Kshathriyas who are mainly rulers and soldiers, Vaishyas who are merchants and farmers and finally the Sundras who are servants Majid, Abdul, and Saadat 8. The functional theory of stratification advanced by Davis and Moore conforms with this analysis of functional approach to the stratification. Property may be defined as rights over goods and services. Different systems reflect, emphasize, and foster certain cultural values and shape individual beliefs. Although individuals may support or fight inequalities, social stratification is created and supported by society as a whole.
Before the recession, many were living paycheck to paycheck or even had been living comfortably. However, with the passage of time, the faith in the superior position of Brahmins got greatly diluted. The people who live in these houses most likely share similar levels of income and education. Cultural values reinforced the system. Theories of Social Stratification: The theories of social stratification have been discussed in a number of ways.
Key Concepts of Stratification: Before we discuss the theories of social stratification, it is essential to know the key concepts of stratification. Vegetables and grains are purer than meat and eggs. No individual, rich or poor, can be blamed for social inequalities. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, who is in line to be king of England, married Catherine Middleton, a so-called commoner, meaning she does not have royal ancestry. The Marxian view on class and class conflict has also inspired studies of agrarian and industrial relations in India. In other words, the constitutive elements of these differences are such that any attempt to see them hierarchically would do offence to the logical property of these very elements.
In many circles, it has become hip to be frugal. However, when this competition becomes unhealthy and very big, it leads to the birth of social conflict, struggles, jealousies and rivalries. However, more than these edited volumes and books, the studies have been done by a number of scholars in India, mainly, F. The beliefs were later put into the Hindu religion and thus religion allowed the classification of people into various classes. Thus the ruling class determines the structure of society and the level of civilization.
Her father was a former flight dispatcher and her mother a former flight attendant and owner of Party Pieces. Similarly, different forms of slavery and bondage, and feudal relations, have also existed in different combinations in the same areas and at the same time. The system has had great impacts in the education and employment system of the country because of its negative consequences. However, Marx equates class stratification with all other types of stratification systems. Differentiation of rewards produces social inequality. Power and authority have had an independent contribution to make to social stratification.
In fact, society has two faces, namely, conflict and integration. Under such a system, Marx imagined absence of private property in land. However, sociologists recognize that social stratification is a society-wide system that makes inequalities apparent. This system of gaining status is based on power. Most of the studies on the caste system in India were conducted from the functionalist perspective in the first half of the 20th century, and even after this, in the decades of sixties and seventies. Others collect trash, direct traffic, and put out fires.
A caste system is one in which people are born into their social standing and will remain in it their whole lives. Here, it would be quite relevant to mention that Marx did not propound a simple theory of technological or economic determination. Stratification divides a society into higher and lowers social units. Fish is the purest of the non-vegetarian foods, followed by chicken, goats, pork, and water buffalo; the most impure is beef. Sweet pastries, fried in deep fat, are among the most widely acceptable foods from any caste. As such, Max Webers influence was far-reaching across the vast array of disciplinary, methodological, ideological and philosophical reflections that are still our own and increasingly more so.
The caste system consists of a fixed arrangement of strata from the wealthy to the least privileged, with a person's position determined at birth, which is common in the rural villages of India. Weber articulated three ideal types of domination: charisma, tradition and rational-legal. Social Stratification Social Stratification Definition Social stratification is a process in which social inequalities exist in the form of structural hierarchical strata, placed one above the other. How does the structure of the social group you chose adhere to the concept of stratification? Unlike caste systems, class systems are open. For example the New Right sociologist Charles Murray argued that the poorest members of society had become too reliant upon welfare benefits. Caste systems correlate with high status consistency, whereas the more flexible class system has lower status consistency.