The minds of the Italians assimilated paganism. That which was foreshadowed in the thirteenth century became in the fourteenth a distinct national development, which, as Symonds, its most discerning interpreter, shows us, was constructing a model for the whole western world. Next comes the age of acquisition and of libraries. The Italian Peninsula was instead made up of a number of independent city-states, most of which were ruled by powerful families. Men were no more willing to accept without question the teachÂings, customs and superstitions of the past. They collected ancient coins, statues.
Wikipedia has fairly good descriptions and comparisons. The Middle Ages of European history was a time characterised by conformism. At the same time the Bible, in its original tongues, was rediscovered. This passage exemplifies the way in which the humanists saw , such as the philosophy of , as being in harmony with their interpretation of. Pope Leo X was a lover of classical art and literature and donated funds to patronise activities.
It was not their discovery which caused the Renaissance. The nations were not ready. She was far fairer than any woman of the modern age could hope to be. It was thus that the necessary milieu was prepared. Men such as Leonardo da Vinci and Leon Battista Alberti represented the perfect 'Renaissance man'.
Under these two formulas may be classified all the phenomena which properly belong to this period. The arts and the inventions, the knowledge and the books which suddenly became vital at the time of the Renaissance, had long lain neglected on the shores of the dead sea which we call the Middle Ages. Of course his true originality resides in showing people generaly in a less static manner than his gothic predecessors and the faces and attitudes are no longer stereotypes… In the two centuries that followed Giotto, the evolution of painting corresponded often to a less religion centered and a more man or woman centered choice of subjects, however the Church was still the most important patron. At the same time the period of satiety was still far off. We have, moreover, to remember the Cathari, the Paterini, the Franticelli, the Albigenses, the Hussites - heretics in whom the new light dimly shone, but who were instantly exterminated by the Church.
Oration on the Dignity of Man. Throughout the picture there is nothing ascetic, nothing mystic, nothing devotional. Keeping steadily in sight the truth that the real quality of the Renaissance was intellectual - that it was the emancipation of the reason for the modern world - we may inquire how feudalism was related to it. Ennui and the fatigue that springs from scepticism, the despair of thwarted effort, were unknown. As the Jews are called the chosen and peculiar people of divine revelation, so may the Italians be called the chosen and peculiar vessels of the prophecy of the Renaissance.
Germany achieved the labor of the Reformation almost single-handed. Some of the highest officials of the Catholic Church were humanists with the resources to amass important libraries. What has become of that brazen seat of the old gods, that paradise to which an ascending Deity might be caught up through clouds, and hidden for a moment from the eyes of his disciples? Humanist beliefs stress the potential valueand goodness of human beings, emphasize common human ne … eds, andseek solely rational ways of solving human problems. After the invention of printing press by John Guterlnberg , books can spreed everywher in England. People who displayed creativity or diverged moved away from established methods of thinking and behaving, were often punished or outcast from society.
Some renaissance men of great repute include and. Thus literature and art was wanted for the sake of art and not for religion. The history and idea of the Renaissance man dates back to the great thinkers of the 14th - 17th centuries. Teachers of Hebrew, founders of Hebrew type - Reuchlin in Germany, Alexander in Paris, Von Hutten as a pamphleteer, and Erasmus as a humanist - contribute each a definite momentum. The term 'renaissance' is derived from the French word meaning 'rebirth'. Humanity—with all its distinct capabilities, talents, worries, problems, possibilities—was the center of interest. How was it, then, that at a certain period, about fourteen centuries after Christ, to speak roughly, humanity awoke as it were from slumber and began to live? The scholars prepared the way in the fifteenth century.
In the discovery of man, again, it is possible to trace a twofold process. Italy, France, Spain, England, Germany took shape. See Image one Art Unlike the artistic styles of the earlier Middle Ages, which placed more importance on symbolism than reality, renaissance art was more life-like and contained perspective. If you try and think of examples of Renaissance men, remember that it is not enough that they have brilliant minds hence Einstein is out , nor is it enough that they are fine sportsmen hence no or are well hung and virile so no Shergar and nor is it sufficient that they are musically gifted so we omit Beethoven. The new life is our own and is progressive.