But I have always been impressed with how they stick to their standards while not trying to foist their ideology onto others. If you wish to govern the land, you must make certain that your rewards pass into the right hands; if you do not do so, then unruly men will seek gain. However, Shen still believed that the ruler's most able ministers are his greatest danger, and is convinced that it is impossible to make them loyal without techniques. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. The hundred artisans make squares with the set square, circles with the compass, straight lines with the string, vertical lines with the plumb line, and flat surfaces with the level.
In this paper I will explore and provide my own insights on the shortcomings of both ideologies; how Legalism was more persuasive in getting people to accept their ideas and more effective as an ideology and how Confucianism lost out in both aspects. In Chinese Thought: An Introduction S. Moreover, to overawe the people, the text advocates inflicting heavy punishments for even petty offenses, as only then will the people be sufficiently scared as to behave properly. You were running the race so well. What can the ruler gain from their settled knowledge? I don't really want a debate over it, but I do want to understand exactly what people are calling legalistic. But I have always been impressed with how they stick to their standards while not trying to foist their ideology onto others. Confucius termed the name Jinzu to mean the ideal person.
You will grow in holiness and start wanting more of His Word. Likewise, all documents in the empire had to have recorded the year they were written, the scribe who copied them, and up to the exact hour of delivery. He ate coarse millet and a soup of greens wore deerskin in the winter days and rough fiber robes in summer. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. According to the Shi Ji, Li Si was responsible for the death of Han Fei. Legalism, to me, is following a man-made law to the detriment of people.
Humaneness may make one shed tears and be reluctant to apply penalties, but law makes it clear that such penalties must be applied. Smith 2003: 141; Goldin 2011: 89. What mattered to Li Si—as to Han Fei—was not doctrinal unity as such, but the imposition of the state control over intellectual life, as in all other spheres of social activity. Moreover, political duty takes over other duties. Therefore discard both pleasure and hatred and with an empty mind become an abode of the Dao.
This relationship is the basis for all other relationships. Within the borders, everyone among the people first devotes himself to tilling and warfare and only then obtains whatever pleases him. The Legalist Concept of Hsing-Ming: An Example of the Contribution of Archaeological Evidence to the Re-Interpretation of Transmitted Texts. The system of law runs the state, rather than the ruler himself. I don't really want a debate over it, but I do want to understand exactly what people are calling legalistic.
Still contrasted with renzhi or rule of persons , most Chinese wanted to see it implemented in China. Zheng was delighted to receive Han Feizi and probably planned to offer him a high government post. As such, his power is conceived not as the means of personal enjoyment but as the common interest of his subjects. Fa is not partial to the noble, does not exclude ministers, and does not discriminate against the common people. Social cohesion in the legalist state mandated that violators never escape punishment.
According to the eminent sinologist Robin Yates, newly discovered Qin Dynasty legal codes show that officials were required to correctly calculate the exact amount of labor expected of all artisans; if the artisan was ordered to perform either too much work or too little work, the official would be held accountable. I'm guessing the bride had a gazillion bridesmaids and maybe the groom was grasping at straws to wrangle up enough friends! Get away from me, all you evil people. Though he was associated with the school, the political and social upheavals around him caused Xun Zi to develop a pessimistic view of human nature. If the minister does not murder his ruler, it is because the cliques and cabals are not formed. Before unbelievers even stumble at the gospel they stumble at Christianity. Joe helps Fred move, but outspokenly refuses to handle the vintner's crates because they were made to contain alcoholic beverages. The outburst of interest in political issues was not accidental: it took place against the backdrop of a severe systemic crisis.
He didn't say that if a woman cuts her hair and wears make-up, she's out. Legalists justified such a radical transformation in the name of historical relativism. A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought. The Limits of the Rule of Law in China. It is because you believe the message you heard about Christ.