Lesson Summary The uncertainty reduction theory was developed by Charles 'Chuck' Berger. Types of Uncertainty Now that we understand why we experience uncertainty, let's discuss the different types of uncertainty: behavioral and cognitive. In addition, researchers suggested testing uncertainty reduction theory beyond initial encounters rather than strangers. When this occurs, groups prematurely make decisions, some of which can have lasting consequences. It takes two strong people to put in the work to make the marriage become greater by the day.
But, while this self-disclosure can be effective in creating intimate relationships, it can also leave one or more persons vulnerable. Calabrese is a member of the International Association of Business Communicators, the Speech Communication Association, and is involved with the National Communication Association. According to Cultivation Analysis, in modern Culture most people get much of their information in a mediated fashion rather than through direct experience. The option to view profiles online without needing to directly contact an individual is the main premise of passively reducing uncertainties. Some people are not as privileged to have such an incredible bond with their mothers the way I do. Much of the interaction in this entry phase is controlled by communication rules and norms.
Therefore uncertainty is a concept that plays a significant role in interpersonal communication. § The second phase, called the personal phase, is where the interactants communicate about their attitudes, dispositions, motives, and values. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 41 1 , 1. Each stage includes interactional behaviors that serve as indicators of liking and disliking. Berger has coauthored five books and contributed to over thirty other texts.
The Effect of Interactivity on Initial Interactions: The Influence of Information Seeking Role on Computer-Mediated Interaction. For example, classification systems, such as stereotyping, create certainty out of uncertain situations. According to Charles Berger, we all experience some deal of anxiety during initial encounters because we are unable to predict or control how the relationship will progress. With time, scholars have been adding more axioms and principles to this theory in order to make it more complete and undeniable. Introduction Uncertainty reduction theory was created by Charles Berger in 1975. Human Communication Theory and Research.
Sherman, Joel Dierselhuis, Angela T. This part of uncertainty reduction theory demonstrates the positivistic approach Berger and Calabrese took. Coherence occurs when stories are told, and coordination exists when stories are lived. Weaver worked as faculty at Throop College, California Institute of Technology, University of Wisconsin, and served in World War One. Based on these two processes, Berger and Calabrese suggest that interpersonal communication behavior has at least two different roles to play within this framework. Relational Dialectics Theory Relational Dialectics suggests that relational life is always in process. Core Assumptions and Statements Core: Uncertainty is unpleasant and therefore motivational; people communicate to reduce it.
This route creates smaller shifts in attitude. You feel a need to know more about this person. § The final phase is called the exit phase, here interactants make the choice whereas to continue or to stop the relation. In order of their degree of magnitude, information regarding treatment, prevention, detection, survivorship, and end-of-life issues yielded the most uncertainty. The Healthy People initiative is a set of goals and objectives designed to guide national health promotion and disease prevention to improve the health of all people in the United States U.
But these two tested axioms are only a partially useful formulation for understanding such intercultural communication. Curiosity can be a real good motivator and if we can not predict the behavior of this person, we will seek information in order to predict future behavior. Deviance - If the person behaves oddly and shows some bizarre characteristics, you are likely to use uncertainty reduction. As non-verbal affiliate expressiveness increases, uncertainty levels will decrease in an initial interaction situation. When ignorance is bliss: The role of motivation to reduce uncertainty in uncertainty reduction theory. Self-face and other-face concerns explain the conflict negotiation between people from various cultures.
Because words and norms have been created by men, women are disadvantaged in public. I had the impression to be lost, so I made everything to reduce this uncertainty and so feel more at ease and enjoy my stay. Communication during intraorganizational job transfers. Language and social knowledge: Uncertainty in interpersonal relations. Relational Maintenance In recent years, studies have begun to link uncertainty reduction to relational maintenance processes.