This proposal was officially brought before the Convention by William Paterson of New Jersey. New Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan, on the other hand, represented the states with smaller populations. The purpose of the activity is to provide students with a broader understanding of key events during the Constitutional Convention that led to the Connecticut Compromise. Teachers also have the discretion of modifying the assignments and materials to be covered in class to fit their allotted schedules. Thus, if a state had more , it would have more representatives in Congress; if it had fewer, its number of representatives would be fewer. This plan also said that states with larger populations, like Virginia, should have more represntatives in congress than should smaller states. This would not have banned slavery outright, merely banned the import of new slaves.
My plan after graduation is to find an internship with a magazine company. On the second day of the activity: Have all of the students who represent a delegate meet in a group for example, all students with a George Mason card should meet in a group, all those with a Roger Sherman card in another group, and so on. The executive branch would be elected by the legislature and may be removed, but the delegates were not sure if the executive should be a single person or group. The Delegates from New Hampshire were particularly unlucky, and wouldn't arrive at the Convention until the middle of July, after it had already been in session for two months! It also proposed a dual-chamber legislation in which states would have votes proportional to their populations. Depending on student content vocabulary readiness the teacher may need to review vocabulary used in. The Virginia Plan also proposed that legislative branch should consist of two houses.
After each excerpt, instruct students to summarize the opinions given by each delegate. Structure of the Virginia Plan The Virginia Plan had 15 resolutions and was based on some of the ideas of French political theorist Montesquieu. Suggested follow up questions may include: Which of the three plans do you prefer and why? You are all gathered here because you, like me, understand that the articles of confederation that we have been loyal to since 1777 do not have the capacity to fulfill what they were meant to. Under the New Jersey Plan, the federal government had a unicameral legislature, rather than the bicameral legislature proposed by Madison. The Virginia Plan Original Text of the Virginia Plan 1787 The was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. They were written for the purpose to provide for the common defense, secure the liberties of the sates, and look after their mutual and general welfare. Listen carefully as I read the story.
It was written by James Madison and unsuccessfully proposed by Edmund Randolph, in the year of 1787, at the Philadelphia convention. They then came up with the Great Compromise which was used in the final form of the Constitution. Let the Executive also be for life. One contentious issue facing the convention was the manner in which large and small states would be represented in the legislature: proportionate to population, with larger states having more votes than less-populous states, or by equal representation for each state, regardless of its size and population. Select students to present their written summaries of the assigned documents, and allow for appropriate discussion time after each summary is presented. Resolved, that provision ought to be made for the continuance of Congress and their authorities and privileges, until a given day after the reform of the Articles of Union shall be adopted, and for the completion of all their engagements. Some delegates, including James Madison, believed this arrangement led to many of the problems that the United States faced during the 1780s See Lesson 1 of this unit,.
It also adapted some parts of the New Jersey Plan. Why did others support election by state legislatures? Preparing for the activity: Print copies or provide links for students of the documents and analysis questions assigned for in-class discussion and as homework listed below, included on pages 1-11 in the. The executive would be chosen by the legislative branch. They were afraid to give too much power to one national government because They did not want a tyranny like the king. Its key points were a bicameral legislature, and an executive and a judiciary chosen by the national legisl … ature. Resolved, that a Republican Government and the territory of each State except in the instance of a voluntary junction of Government and Territory ought to be guaranteed by the United States to each State. The purpose of the activity is to provide students with an understanding of the various plans for representation debated during the first weeks of the Constitutional Convention.
New Jersey Plan and The Connecticut Compromise Original Text of the New Jersey Plan 1787 The alternative to the Virginia Plan, the proposed a singlechamber legislature in which each state, regardless of size, would have one vote, as under the Articles of Confederation. The judicial branch would be appointed by the legislature and would have life tenure under the condition of good behavior - you know them today as the Supreme Court. Ellsworth's proposal was sent to a committee, which recommended proportional representation in the lower House based on population, and equal representation in the Senate. The Convention eventually settled on the , which was a middle ground between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The issue of what would happen after the Convention adjourned was not addressed.
The Virginia Plan was James Madison's solution towards proportionalrepresentation, which was a strong national government. Tax and other monetary policy issues would be discussed in the House of Representatives. Activity 3: Discussing the Three Plans on Representation provides students the opportunity to analyze the three plans on representation in a Socratic seminar. However the executive would have to meet up with the Supreme Court which made the veto power have very little effect. Presentation of the Virginia Plan My honorable brethren we are gathered together today for an important purpose.
It is tempting to see the introduction of the as an attempt by the small states to fight off the impending victory of the large state supported. Judges were appointed to lifetime terms by the executive council. The Constitution gave congress the power to ban the slave trade only 1808, presumably to give the southern economy time to 'adjust' or to determine how necessary the trade was to the economy in the future. Supporters of the Virginia Plan wanted to have separation of powers as well as checks and balances in order to eliminate the abuse of power and tyranny like they had experienced in Great Britain, as well as to create a strong national government. The New Jersey Plan was supported by the states of , and.
The larger the state, the greater the representation. Hamilton's plan was so radical that it spawned little debate, but it did set the tone for the heated discussions that would follow in the next few weeks. On June 15th, 1787, the Virginia Plan was counteracted by the New Jersey Plan, also called the Paterson Plan or the Small State Plan. Other interpreters point out that it was introduced by Virginia, the largest state, that would benefit in terms of representation at the expense of the smaller states who received equal representation under the. New Jersey Plan The plan was submitted before the congress by the head of the Virginia delegation, Governor Edmund Randolph, on May 29, 1787.
Both would use population as a basis for dividing seats among the states. The Virginia Plan was proposed by James Madison, a delegate representing Virginia. The document they created is the U. Abad and Azad A long time ago in a barangay by the sea, there lived two very good. Representation in the House of Representatives was based on state population.