The relationship between the United States and the U. Thus on March 2, 1919 when 39 Senators sign Round Robin to separate League from Treaty, it is clear that approval was imperiled. The United States did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles and we did not join the League of Nations. Unless you get the united, concerted purpose and power of the great Governments of the world behind this settlement, it will fall down like a house of cards. Without it the treaty can not be worked and without it it is a mere temporary arrangement with Germany.
The League of Nations, 1920 The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. There is a certain irony that the League of Nations was the addition that the legislatures disliked, as it was the only part of Wilson's 14 points to make it onto the Treaty. Americans were having none of it. The Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the Allied powers was signed on June 28, 1919, five years to the day after Franz Ferdinand's assassination in Sarajevo. It placed sole responsibility for the war on Germany's shoulders.
Senators Borah and Johnson on September 10 began their own national speaking tour to oppose the Treaty. The Senate rejected the Treaty in March 19, 1920 President Wilson did sign the Treaty of Versailles, but he hadfoolishly refused to bring Representatives and Senators,particularly Henry Cabot Lodge, the majority leader in the house. Separate treaties with Germany, Austria, Hungary were ratified October 18. The Treaty formally placed the responsibility for the war on Germany and its allies and imposed on Germany the burden of paying the debts of war. The Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I, was drafted at the Paris Peace Conference in the spring of 1919 and shaped by the Big Four powers—Great Britain, France, Italy, and the United States.
He gave 40 speeches in 29 cities in 22 days. In my opinion, it was the right decision for the Senate to reject the Treaty of Versailles a second time. Spearheading the challenge was the Senate majority leader and chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee,. The Republicans gained 25 seats in the House and 7 seats in the Senate. The treaty , forcing it to pay billions of dollars to repair war damage in Europe, give up more than 10 percent of its territory and all its foreign colonies, and accept restrictions on its military. Because World War I was such an important event in world history a great deal of literature has been written about the events before, during and after the war. Every one of them will contain the Covenant of the League of Nations, because you cannot work any of them without the Covenant of the League of Nations.
The war cost 9 million lives and billions of dollars in damages. It is the power of the united moral forces of the world, and in the Covenant of the League of Nations the moral forces of the world are mobilized. Had Theodore Rooselvelt not have died in 1919, he almost surely would have received the Republican nomination. The United States rejected the Treaty of Versailles, because a big portion of Americans were against the League of Nations and wanted reservations or amendments on the treaty. Although he was the head of state, it was the United States Senate that had the final say on the ratification or approval of the treaty to make it binding for the United States to honor and adhere to, and unltimately they rejected it. Key Republican leader, Republican Majority Leader and Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Henry Cabot Lodge, in a February 28 speech rejected the principle of mutual guarantee in the Wilson proposal, but not the League outright.
He even hoped to be the first Secretary General after the War was over. This is a very famous quote that many people try and follow, including Thomas Woodrow Wilson. Unless this is secured all else is failure; without this the sublimest hope of humanity is sunk in the black abyss; without this all political and economic adjustments are unstable and sooner or later will disappear. Cox, as their presidential candidate, and a young Franklin Delano Roosevelt for vice president. The Senate majority leader, Henry Cabot Lodge, a Republican from Massachusetts, opposed the treaty, specifically the section regarding the League of Nations. Nevertheless, they prevailed again but this time, they learned their lesson and accepted their responsibility in keeping the peace. The bulk of the Senate, about 40 Republicans and Democrats have mild preservationists.
The five treaties were named after the Paris border of Versailles of Germany, Neuilly of Bulgaria, Trianon of Hungary, St Germain of Austria, and Serves of Turkey. This may have biased the legislature against the treaty, but themain reason the U. Democrats on January 29 agreed to support a reservation to Article 10 which was proposed by Republican Senator Taft reservation, but this was also rejected by Lodge Britain and France Concern over the debate in Washington grew in Europe which had counted upon American participation in the League which Wilson had proposed. Unfortunately for the President, while popular support for the League was still strong, opposition within Congress and the press had begun building even before he had left for Paris. Because of its objections to membership in the League of Nations, the United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles. The first four points included an end to secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade, and reduced national armies and navies. Lodge led a group of 7 Republicans with strong reservations.
A few opponents believed that the League of Nations threatened the U. This is not merely a treaty of peace with Germany. The War losses, mild by European standards, were very real. The Treaty of Versailles established nine new countries, and changed many boundaries, and there was debate about the fairness. One of the principal concerns of Germans were the territorial concessions and most of these were based upon the right to national self determination which was part of the 14 Points. The Triple Alliance had been made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy to make France weaker but Wilhelm let his treaty with Russia lapse which encouraged the Triple Entente to form Russia, France, and Great Britain.
He had laid out 14 Points for establishing and maintaining world peace following the Great War World War I. They were particularly uncomfortable with the thought of joining a world body like the League of Nations, as Wilson proposed. But it was not known for being a double-edged sword, as the ending of war came with the consequence of causing future war. The main aims of the organisation included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation and diplomacy, and improving global welfare. When Lodge formed a coalition with pro-treaty Democrats and submitted a revised treaty with 14 amendments to the Senate, Wilson persuaded the Democrats to reject it. One of the consequences of that decision is today's democratic, peaceful and very prosperous and. Both the English and French Governments on February 1 declared they were willing to accept the Senate reservations.
It would appear that America has finally come to terms with its responsibility as a world power and as a member of the international community. They also wanted to strip Germany of its war-making power. Britain and France imposed these four restrictions -small military -not airforce or navy -no troops in Rhine terr. There he suffered a stroke on October 2 and lies ill for 7 months, unable to participate actively in the ensuing national debate. Germany was not pacified,conciliated, or permanently weakened, which would prove to be afactor leading to later conflicts. Even so, I would not pay the price. Congress attempts on May 20 to end the War by joint resolution, but Wilson vetoes the resolution.