By November 1923, a situation of hyperinflation had developed. The Weimar Republic doomed from the very first start due to political inconsistencies that were played by the former government officials. The growing disillusion with the Weimar Republic was the deteriorating economy. However, Ebert had already won the support of the military with the Ebert-Groener pact, and the troops suppressed the revolt. The Germans were not allowed to take part in the discussions about the treaty — they were told they had to sign or face invasion by the allies. However, there is also evidence that suggests that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start.
Hitler was an excellent orator, and had a strong personality and promised greatness for the German people. Political and Economic issues In order to understand reasons for the collapse of the Weimar Republic, it is essential to examine its political history. This damaged their faith in democracy Summary: Was Weimar doomed from the start? It was said by historian Geary that ' There were. The failings of the Weimar constitution facilitated this, and eventually allowed for the rise of the extreme right wing in the Nazis. Despite the Proportional Representation laid down in the constitution that led to a.
Thus the problems of unemployment and a poor economy were reversed by 1924, and the Weimar Republic was successful in overcoming the issue. The new government had inherited a difficult situation. The Wall Street crash did not affect her straight away though; it hit America first before hitting Germany in the early 1930's. The Crises of 1923: Hyperinflation: The Crises of 1923: Hyperinflation Passive resistance led to Germany having no goods to trade This led to the government printing off money This led to inflation spiraling out of control People lost their life savings and were forced to sell their valuables to buy food. Old age pensioners, disabled people and the unemployed who were on fixed incomes faced starvation because they did not have enough to buy food. The president could dissolve the Reichstag, order fresh elections and, in times of emergency suspend the Reichstag and rule by himself article 48.
The Nazi's believed that only a national catastrophe would see them win power, and they were correct. The Constitution meant that everyone as politically accountable within quite an advanced political structure which seemed to promise true democracy. Many of these gangs were totally opposed to democracy. The former republic was one of the major powers during that period. They went on strike to show their opposition to Kapp. Yes Blamed for defeat and humiliation of Versailles stab in the back and war guilt Weaknesses of Constitution Had to rely on Freikorps to defeat Spartacists Existence of extremist parties throughout 1920s wanting to end Weimar Many of the elite opposed to Weimar and democracy Summary: Was Weimar doomed from the start? Monarchists seized government buildings in Berlin, and even forced the government to flee to Stuttgart.
The Spartacist Revolt Political disorder, 1919-23; economic distress and hyper-inflation; the occupation of the Ruhr , The Stresemann era. Introduction Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start? Unfortunately it did not get the period of peace and growth that it needed to gain the trust of the conservative German populace. The response was brutal, as over 1000 workers were killed, mostly by units of Freikorps ex-soldiers. The early major activities of Hitler included his 'Beer Hall Putch' where he tried to seize control of The Bavarian government. The night before Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi party broke up a meeting in a beer hall in Munich at which leaders of the Bavarian State Government were speaking. The government it's self had progressed form an imperial autocracy to a democratic republic.
The Crises of 1923: Hyperinflation: The Crises of 1923: Hyperinflation Middle class people on monthly salaries suffered because pay could not keep up with price rises. Explain your answer, referring only to i , ii and iii. The impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany: The impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany The limits on the army were humiliating. The Kaiser and the army never told bad news to the people. It was given such frailties; it was always susceptible to being overthrown. Due to widespread distrust in democracy, reinforced by economic crises, aggravated by the Treaty of Versailles, and opposing parties from both ends of the political spectrum, the Weimar Republic was doomed for failure. In 1928 Germany was one of sixty countries that signed the Kellogg-Briand pact.
A historian by the name of Henny held expressed this fact, 'Inflation escalated to hyper inflation, emphasising a big economical problem' Weimar was only seen as a compromise as no one could really think of a better solution, people were all too glad for change. It was inevitable that the new government would have faced difficulties from the start, but to say doomed is unfair. The danger of hindsight is to see that it was inevitable whereas success could have been a justifiable possibility. Class, political leanings and other moralistic beliefs, primarily influenced the individual's perspectives. Many historians hold the belief that there were good factors about it and there were bad factors as well. Small businesses such as local shops suffered from competition from big business for example, department stores The wages of people working in public services did not go up as fast as wages for industrial workers. From Jan 6-13 bloody street battles raged in Berlin.
The people needed to be convinced that they could not restart the war and win. By the early 1930s, Germany was again in economic trouble. Hitler dissolved the republic in 1933. Secondly, Article 49 gave President Hindenburg the power to destroy democracy. Withdrawal of loans due to the Wall Street crash, this meant problems for Weimar and fear for the future. The Stresemann Era 1924-1929: Had the economy recovered? The fourth test came on 9th November 1923.
Police and troops stopped them 16 Nazis were killed. The Stresemann Era 1924-1929: Had the economy recovered? Was the Weimar Republic doomed from its very beginning? One major effect that affected the way in which people remember the Weimar republic was the Treaty of Versailles. It placed upon them unrealistic reparation demands which were impossible for Germany to fulfill, being seen as unfair and unreasonable. Born in the ashes of defeat the Weimar Republic was undermined with the failures of the past. As such, the German people, under the influence of the right wing and the army, turned back to the traditional, militarist nationalist views they had held since Bismarck. These loans were for a short period only. This pact was significant, the government had associated itself with the right, and perhaps this early incident is one of the factors which would convince the government to appoint Hitler Chancellor in 1933.